Global Advanced Research Journal of Educational Research and Reviews (GARJERR) ISSN: 2315-5132

September 2013, 2(9): pp. 181-189

Copyright © 2013 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Instructional leadership behaviors: the case of Lebanese private school principals

Norma Ghamrawi and Khalil Al-Jammal

Faculty of Education- Lebanese University

*Corresponding author Email:

Accepted 04 October, 2013


The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree private school principals in Greater Beirut Area served as instructional leaders. 202 principals participated in this study through the completion of the Instructional Leadership Behavior of School Principals (ILBSP) developed by researchers based on Hallingers’ framework of instructional leadership. Data was analyzed using SPSS 22.0 for windows. Results indicate that the relationships of school leadership with instruction and learning were weak. Recommendations for future studies and practice are offered.  

Keywords: instructional leadership- school leadership- school improvement- school effectiveness



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