Global Advanced Research Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology (GARJEST) ISSN: 2315-5140
May 2020 Vol. 9(1), pp. 001-007
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals



Full Length Research Paper

Study the impact of water quality on concrete properties 

Mogheir Y1, Abu Aita M2*, Tamoos A2 and Abu Mhady A2

1Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza (IUG), Palestine.
2Graduates of Civil Engineering Department, Islamic University of Gaza (IUG), Palestine.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Accepted 21 May, 2020

This research empirically investigated the impact of mixing water quality on the properties of concrete. The water was collected of different qualities and sources from different locations in the Gaza strip. The TDS concentration in the mixing water was of arranging between 640(mg/l) to 35000(mg/l). 36 concrete cubes were produced at a ratio of 1: cement, 2: sand, 4: aggregate, 0.5: w/c using different TDS concentrations. The cubes were cured and crushed at 7, 14 and 28 days to measure the compressive strength. It was observed that the concrete produced with saltwater had their compressive strengths gradually increased (21.64, 23.18 and 30.35) % of freshwater in (7, 14 and 28 days) respectively. In addition, the setting time is decreasing with increasing the content of TDS. The setting time of seawater decreases by about 23.07% of freshwater. It is noticed that there are no problems to mix the concrete with saltwater with high TDS. 

Keywords: Compressive strength, setting time, saltwater, seawater.      



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ASTM C191-82, Standard Test Method for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle, American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Volume 04.02, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, 2004.

ASTM C192- 16a, Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Volume 04.02,West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, 2016.

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