Global Advanced Research Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology (GARJEST) ISSN: 2315-5140
May 2020 Vol. 9(1), pp. 001-007
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Study the impact of water quality on concrete properties
Mogheir Y1, Abu Aita M2*, Tamoos A2 and Abu Mhady A2
1Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza (IUG), Palestine.
2Graduates of Civil Engineering Department, Islamic University of Gaza (IUG), Palestine.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 21 May, 2020
This research empirically investigated the impact of mixing water quality on the properties of concrete. The water was collected of different qualities and sources from different locations in the Gaza strip. The TDS concentration in the mixing water was of arranging between 640(mg/l) to 35000(mg/l). 36 concrete cubes were produced at a ratio of 1: cement, 2: sand, 4: aggregate, 0.5: w/c using different TDS concentrations. The cubes were cured and crushed at 7, 14 and 28 days to measure the compressive strength. It was observed that the concrete produced with saltwater had their compressive strengths gradually increased (21.64, 23.18 and 30.35) % of freshwater in (7, 14 and 28 days) respectively. In addition, the setting time is decreasing with increasing the content of TDS. The setting time of seawater decreases by about 23.07% of freshwater. It is noticed that there are no problems to mix the concrete with saltwater with high TDS.
Keywords: Compressive strength, setting time, saltwater, seawater.
Adnan M Aish (2013). Drinking water quality assessment of the Middle Governorate in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. PP. 13-20.
ASTM C 187, Standard test method for normal consistency of hydraulic cement, ASTM C 187-86, in: Annual Book of ASTM, Vol. 04.01, 1995.
ASTM C163, Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates, American
ASTM C191-82, Standard Test Method for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle, American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Volume 04.02, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, 2004.
ASTM C192- 16a, Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Volume 04.02,West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, 2016.
BS 1881: Part 116. Testing concrete. Method for determination of compressive strength of concrete cubes. London: BSI, 1983.
EN, T, 197-1, Cement-Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements. Ankara: Turkish Standard Institution, 2012.
Haseeb Khan, Tabish Izhar, Neha Mumtaz, Abdul Ahad (2016). Effect of Saline Water in Mixing and Curing on Strength of Concrete. 2 (5): 313 – 317.
Mbadikea EM, Elinwab AU (2011). Effect of salt water in the production of concrete/ Niger. J. Technol. 30: 106-110.
Obi Lawrence E (2016). Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Water Quality on Concrete Compressive Strength. Int. J. Constructive Res. in Civil Engin. (IJCRCE), 2 (5): 30-35.
Olutoge F Adeyemi, Amusan G Modupeola (2014). The Effect of Sea Water on Compressive Strength of Concrete. 3 (7): 23 – 31.
Palestinian Water Authority, 2017.
Preeti Tiwari, Rajiv Chandak, Yadav RK (2014). Effect of Salt Water on Compressive Strength of Concrete. J. Engine. Res. Applications. 4(4): 38 – 42.
Shomar B, Fakher S, Yahya A (2010). "Assessment of Groundwater Quality in the Gaza Strip, Palestine Using GIS Mapping," J. Water Resource and Protection. 2 (2): 93-104. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.22011.
Thomas M, Wilson ML (1905). Fundamentals of Concrete.
- Mogheir Y on Google Scholar
- Mogheir Y on Pubmed
- Abu Aita M on Google Scholar
- Abu Aita M on Pubmed
- Tamoos A on Google Scholar
- Tamoos A on Pubmed
- Abu Mhady A on Google Scholar
- Abu Mhady A on Pubmed