Global Advanced Research Journal of Food Science and Technology (GARJFST) ISSN: 2315-5098 October 2012 Vol. 1(6), pp 081-084

Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals   

 

Original Research Articles

Adsorption of Cadmium Ions using activated carbon prepared from Coconut shell 

Olowoyo, D.N   and Garuba, A.O 

1The department of industrial safety and environmental technology

2Petroleum training institute, Effurun - Warri, Delta state, Nigeria

Corresponding author Email: olowoyoniyi@yahoo.com 

Accepted 12 August 2012

 

Abstract 

The adsorption of cadmium ions on activated carbon prepared from coconut shells  obtained from Effurun market via Warri were carbonized and chemically activated using phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, calcium carbonate and zinc chloride solutions as activating reagents. The effects of contact time and  pH in the presence of activating reagents mentioned above on the adsorption capacity of the adsorbents were investigated. However, the  adsorption of Cd (11) ions with respect to time in all the activating agents had similar patterns and the order of decreasing in percentage of Cd (11) ions removed according to activating agents used is H3PO4  > ZnCl2  > KOH  > CaCO3 while the results of pH indicated that adsorption of cadmium (11) ions increased at a steady rate as the pH increased most especially in CaCO3 and KOH activating agent solutions which is almost tending to 100% out of the four activating agents investigated. In a nutshell, the activated carbons with high adsorption capacities can be produced from coconut shells when they are activated with some reagents like CaCO3, KOH, H3PO4 and ZnCl2. This was attested when the influence of equilibration time and pH on the adsorption capacities of the  activated coconut shell were investigated. 

Keywords: Cadmium ion, activated carbon and Coconut shell

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