Global Advanced Research Journal of Food Science and Technology (ISSN: 2315-5098) April 2013 Vol. 2(2), pp 023-027

Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals   


Original Research Articles

Antimicrobial  activities of extract of four local spices on bacteria isolated from raw meat sold in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria

Nwafor, O. Emmanuel

Department of Microbiology, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria


Accepted 15 January 2013


Antimicrobial effect ofethanolic extracts of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), African Ethiopian pepper, (Xylopia aetiopica) ginger (Zingber officinale) and garlic on micro organisms isolated from raw meat was investigated. The extracts were applied at concentrations of 5.00, 10.00, 15.00 and 20.00mg/mL. The microorganisms tested were Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas pneumoniae, Bacillus cereus, Klebsiella aerogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi and Enterobacter sp. Effect of the spices’ extracts on the growth of the organisms as measured by zones of inhibition, showed varying degrees of growth inhibition. Klebsiella aerogenes showed the least sensitivity while Salmonella typhi showed the highest sensitivity with nutmeg. E. coli was more sensitive to ginger. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 15.00mg/mL. for all extracts on the microorganisms except that of nutmeg on P. pneumoniae and Salmonella typhi, African Ethiopian pepper on Staphylococcus aureus, ginger on E. coli and garlic on B.cereus with MIC value of 10.00g/mL. The minimum bactericidal concentrations range from 15.00mg/mL to 20.00mg/mL while the highest percentage inhibition was recorded with African Ethiopian pepper on. The study has indicated the possibility of control of meat deterioration that may be due these microorganisms.

Keywords: Antimicrobial, activities, extracts, spices, bacteria, meat.


Related Articles

Original Research Articles
Hussein HK, Elnaggar MH and Al-Dailamy JM
Protective role of Vitamin C against hepatorenal toxicity of fenvalerate in male rats
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. July 2012 Vol: 1(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (209 KB)
Ruchira Das, Papiya Sinha, Piyush Pandey, Devashish Kar.
Prevalence of MBL producing Pseudomonas sp. from soil- A case study in Assam University campus.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. July 2014 Vol: 3(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (125 KB)
Gilbert Uwonda, Geoffrey Bedijo
Effectiveness of commercial forestry policy in contributing to the promotion of sustainable household income in Northern Uganda
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. September 2013 Vol: 2(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (165 KB)
Suwimon Siriwong, Adisai Rungvichaniwat, Pairote Klinpituksa, Khalid Hamid Musa and Amina Abdullah
Estimation of antioxidant activity in natural rubber (H.brasiliensis) using TPC, FRAP, CUPRAC, ABTS, DPPH, ORAC assays, individual phenolic and individual flavonoid quantity
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. February 2018 Vol: 7(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (316 KB)
Ayub Kutosi Masaba, Johnson Sekakubo, Alexander Blaszczynski and Wakabala F Kuka
The Social-Economic Impact of Sports Betting on Ugandan Youths
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. September 2016 Vol: 5(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (352 KB)
A. D. Solomou, A. D. Reegan, G. Karetsos, K. Tsagari and K. Mantzanas
Dynamics of vascular plant and insect diversity as indicators in Agroecosystems and Agricultural Landscapes
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. December 2017 Vol: 6(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (622 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Nwafor O Emmanuel on Google Scholar
Nwafor O Emmanuel on Pubmed


Viewed 840
Printed 255
Downloaded 742
Powered By iPortal Works