Global Advanced Research Journal of Food Science and Technology (GARJFST) ISSN: 2315-5098 June 2014 Vol. 3(4), pp 103-117.

Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals   

 

Review

Antinutritional Factors in Plant Foods: Potential Health Benefits and Adverse Effects 

Habtamu Fekadu Gemede1,2 and Negussie Ratta3 

1Center for Food Science and Nutrition, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2Food Technology and Process Engineering Department, Wollega University, P.O.Box: 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

3Department of Chemistry, Addis Ababa University, P.O.Box: 1176, Addis Ababa Ethiopia

Corresponding Author's E-mails: fekadu_habtamu@yahoo.com or  simbokom@gmail.com 

Accepted 14 June 2014


 

Abstract 

Anti-nutritional factors are compounds which reduce the nutrient utilization and/or food intake of plants or plant products used as human foods and they play a vital role in determining the use of plants for humans. This paper is aimed to review the updated scientific information regarding the potential health benefits and adverse effects associated with major antinutritional factors (Tannins,  Phytates, Oxalates, Saponins, Lectins, Alkaloids, Protein inhibitors, Amylase inhibitors, Cynogenic Glycosides, Chlorogenic Acids, Toxic Amino Acids, Anti-Vitamins and Goitrogens) found in plant foods. Antinutrients in plant foods are responsible for deleterious effects related to the absorption of nutrients and micronutrients. However, some antinutrients may exert beneficial health effects at low concentrations. For example, phytic acid, lectins, tannins, saponins, amylase inhibitors and protease inhibitors have been shown to reduce the availability of nutrients and cause growth inhibition. However, when used at low levels, phytate, lectins, tannins, amylase inhibitors and saponins have also been shown to reduce the blood glucose and insulin responses to starchy foods and/or the plasma cholesterol and triglycerides. In addition, phytates, tannins, saponins, protease inhibitors, goetrogens and oxalates have been related to reduced cancer risks. This implies that anti-nutrients might not always harmful even though lack of nutritive value. Despite of this, the balance between beneficial and hazardous effects of plant bioactives and anti-nutrients rely on their concentration, chemical structure, time of exposure and interaction with other dietary components. Due to this, they can be considered as anti-nutritional factors with negative effects or non-nutritive compounds with positive effects on health. 

Keywords: Anti-nutritional factors, Potential Health Benefits, Adverse Health Effects, Human Foods, Plants

Related Articles


Original Research Article
Musa, H., Mahmud, U., Safiyanu, I., Bashir, S. I. and Kutama, A.S.
Some Ecological Aspects of Bagrusbayad and Clariasgariepinus in Thomas Lake, Kano State, Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. May 2016 Vol: 5(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (600 KB)
Review
Badawi A.Tantawi and Shimaa A. Badawy
Climate Changes and Its Impacts on Agricultural production and water resources in Egypt
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. September 2019 Vol: 8(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (180 KB)
Original Research Articles
Musyimi DM, Chemisto JK and Buyela DK
Growth and physiological response of African nightshades Solanum Scabrum Mill to Sodium chloride salinity stress
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. September 2012 Vol: 1(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (199 KB)
Amani MD El-Mesallamy, Shalabia S Emam, Mohamed HM Abed El-Azim and Ibrahim M Sanad
Cytotoxicity and Bioactive Compounds from Diethyl Ether Extract of lotus halophilus Boiss Et Spruner Growing in Egypt
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. March 2016 Vol: 5(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (221 KB)
Fierro-Sañudo J.F, Alarcón-Silvas S.G, León-Cañedo J.A, Gutiérrez-Valenzuela J.G., Ramírez-Rochín J., Mariscal-Lagarda M.M., Franco-Nava M.A., Lizárraga-Jiménez R., Osuna-López J.I. and Páez-Osuna F.
Integrated culture of shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa) using diluted seawater: management, production and water consumption
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. July 2015 Vol: 4(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (216 KB)
Abdolreza Ahmadi
Response of Mungbean (Vigna radiata) To Different levels of density and weed management in Lorestan Province
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Food Sci. Technol. October 2016 Vol: 5(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (159 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Habtamu Fekadu Gemede on Google Scholar
Habtamu Fekadu Gemede on Pubmed
Negussie Ratta on Google Scholar
Negussie Ratta on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 7453
Printed 603
Downloaded 737
Powered By iPortal Works