Global Advanced Research Journal of History, Political Science and International Relations ISSN:2315-506X
March 2012 Vol. 1(2), pp 042-047
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals



Postmaterialism, De-Alignment, durverger’s law, and the freezing hypothesis: In defense of the social origins of party institutions

John Maszka

Aurora university, department of social sciences, 347 south Gladstone avenue Aurora, IL 60506-4892.


Accepted 20 March 2012


This article questions whether Lipset and Rokkan’s (Seymour Martin Lipset and Stein Rokkan, Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives, (New York: The Free Press, 1967)) sociological explanation of party systems still holds in light of new developments. After outlining the famous cleavage theory, the essay proceeds by discussing the four cleavages and the party families that emerged from them. Next it considers the freezing hypothesis and compares Lipset and Rokkan’s sociological explanation to Durverger’s Law (Maurice Duverger, "Factors in a Two-Party and Multiparty System," in Party Politics and Pressure Groups (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell)). The article concludes that, while political identification may no longer align with Lipset and Rokkan’s original four cleavages, the cleavage structure itself is still relevant in explaining contemporary party systems today. Finally, the essay offers Dalton’s (Russell J. Dalton, Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, (London: Chatham House)) theory of de-alignment and Inglehart’s postmaterialism as explanations why.

Keywords: Postmaterialism, De-alignment, durverger’s law, freezing hypothesis, social origins, political parties.


Related Articles

Original Research Article
Faisal Azeez, Ch Aqeel Ashraf, Muhammad Sher Juni, Fariha Sadiq, Javeria Karim, Sayeda Mehwish Dildar
Biradrism as stronger determinant of voting behavior Exploring the voting behavior of people towards different political parties during election 2013 in district Layyah Pakistan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Hist. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. December 2014 Vol: 3(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (89 KB)
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo
Leadership Crisis and Political Instability in Nigeria, 1964-1966: The Personalities, the Parties and the Policies
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Hist. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. February 2012 Vol: 1(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (118 KB)
Original Research Articles
Ana Maria Simoes and Jose Azevedo Rodrigues
The Effectiveness of the Balanced Scorecard on Strategy Management Processes A Case Study in a Portuguese Industrial Company
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Hist. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. March 2013 Vol: 2(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (152 KB)
Shimaa E. Ibrahim, Hala F Mohamed, Heba Sh. Shehata, and Rawheya A. Salah El Din
Perineal Plant Extract as a Culture Medium for Production of Plant Growth Regulators by Molecularly Identified Rhizospheric Microorganisms
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Hist. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. February 2020 Vol: 9(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,286 KB)
Abdelmohsen M. Desoky and Gehan A. Mousa
Do Board Ownership and Characteristics Affect on Firm Performance? Evidence from Egypt
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Hist. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. December 2012 Vol: 1(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (272 KB)
Hisham N Altayb, Mohamed A M Siddig, Nagwa M El Amin, Ahmed Ibrahim Hashim, Maowia M. Mukhtar
Molecular Characterization of CTX-M ESBLs among Pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae isolated from different regions in Sudan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Hist. Polit. Sci. Int. Relat. April 2018 Vol: 7(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,351 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

John Maszka on Google Scholar
John Maszka on Pubmed


Viewed 1784
Printed 1681
Downloaded 1734
Powered By iPortal Works