Global Advanced Research Journal of Microbiology (GARJM) ISSN: 2315-5116

October, 2015. Vol. 4(9), pp 103-112

Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

Bio surfactants produced by enterobacterial

Alejandro De Jesús Cortés-Sánchez1*, Mayra Diaz-Ramirez2, Alan Javier Hernández-Álvarez3, Felipe García-Ochoa4, Adriana Villanueva-Carvajal5, Liliana León-López6, Alejandra L. San Martín-Azocar7.

 

1Secretaria de Salud. Comisión Federal para la Protección contra Riesgos Sanitarios. Departamento de microbiología, México.

2Departamento de Alimentos. División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM), Unidad  Lerma. Edo. México.

3Food Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 3600 Casavant Blvd. W. St. Hyacinthe, QCJ2S 8E3, Canada.

4Departamento de Biofísica, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México.

5 Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Campus Universitario “El Cerrillo” A.P. 435, Toluca, Estado de México C.P. 50200, México.

8Programa Regional del Posgrado en Biotecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Químico Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, 80000 Culiacán, México.

7 Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería en Alimentos, Biotecnología, Agronomía. Querétaro-México.

*Corresponding author: alecortes_1@hotmail.com

Accepted 08 October, 2015

 

Abstract

In spite of being considered to be pathogenic microorganisms, some enterobacterial has the ability to produce biosurfactants (BS). These molecules besides their physicochemical and biological characteristics as emulsifiers, dispersants, stabilizers among others, are widely accepted in the industry since they are biodegradable, and present low toxicity. This has generated studies focused on the identification of new producer microorganisms, as well as the search of new carbon sources, improvement of production processes and the generation of a wide variety of patents. Their use is extensively spread in a diversity of industrial areas such as the pharmaceutic, food and environment, as alternatives of the surfactants derived from oil (which are highly pollutant),generating products and services of added value.  In this review the properties and applications of the BS are summarized as well as the major genres of this group of Enterobacteriaceae that have been used for BS's production to update the actual advances on the benefits that these microorganisms possesses as BS producers.

Keywords: biosurfactants, enterobacterial, glycolipids, biotechnology, secondary metabolites.


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