Global Advanced Research Journal of Microbiology (GARJM) ISSN: 2315-5116
February 2018 Vol. 7(1): pp. 006-022
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Bioremediation of Methyl Orange onto Nostoc carneum Biomass by Adsorption; Kinetics and Isotherm Studies
Mervat H. Hussein*, Ghada S. Abou El-Wafa, Sami A. Shaaban-Dessuki and Rehab M. El-Morsy
Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Accepted 08 February, 2018
The present study is concerning with the use of cyanobacterium Nostoc carneum as a model for potential biosorbent of azo dye Methyl Orange (MO) from aquatic solutions. The impacts of major variables (pH, contact time, initial dye concentration, biosorbent capacity and salt concentrations) overriding algal biosorbent and process settings on specific decolorization rate and dye biosorbtion were investigated. Michaelis–Menten kinetics model was applied to assess the decolorization kinetics factors as 2.173 mg g-1 h-1 and 46.435 mg L−1 for maximum specific decolorization rate and km of dye concentration, respectively. The adsorption of MO is increasing with increasing the initial dye concentration as well as the algal biosorbent. Nostoc carneum with decolorization efficiency 50.749, 44.225, 42.934, 38.367, 36.211, 28.056, 23.754, 18.273 and 17.241 % at dye concentrations of 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 mg L−1, respectively at contact time 5 h. The maximum specific decolorization rate was found to be 2.1734 mg g-1 h-1. Pseudo-second order kinetic rate and Langmuir adsorption isotherm models were the best fitted with the experimental equilibrium data. The interaction of MO with the biosorbent was demonstrated on the bases of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FT-IR and XRD spectral data that prove the efficiency of Nostoc carneum fresh biomass with respect to alternative low-cost technology for azo dyes bioremediation. .
Keywords: Nostoc carneum; Azo dye; Methyl orange; Biosorption kinetics; Isotherms; SEM; XRD; FTIR.
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