Global Advanced Research Journal of Microbiology (GARJM) ISSN: 2315-5116
March 2019 Vol. 8(2): pp. 035-037
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

 

Major trends in the microbial etiology of urinary tract infection

Ioana Florina Mihai1, Alexandra Georgiana Lacatusu1*, Florina Filip-Ciubotaru1,2, Carmen Dorobat1, C. Romanescu1, Carmen Manciuc1,2

St. Parascheva Infectious Disease Hospital, Iasi

Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi

Email: alexandra.lacatusu@gmail.com

Accepted 26 March, 2019

 

Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) diagnosis is suggested by clinical findings (dysuria, pollakiuria) and confirmed by microbiological analysis of urine. Upon detection of pathogenic agents in the urine, antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) should precede targeted antibiotic treatment. The growing prevalence of multiple resistant strains is a factor that poses serious challenges to antimicrobial therapy.  Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate microbial resistance in patients with UTI’s at the St. Parascheva Infectious Disease Hospital in Iasi, Romania. Results: Frequently occurring infectious agents in the lot included gram negative bacteria (GNB), Enterococcus sp. and Candida sp. A percent of 37.8 % of strains were beta-lactamase releasing. The authors also noted increased gram negative bacteria resistance to beta-lactams. Conclusions: The bacteria isolated in decreasing order by frequency were: Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Enterococcusand Enterobacter. In order to avoid the occurrence of pan-resistant strains, treatment should be preceded by AST and maintained for an adequate period of time.

Keywords:  urinary tract infection, resistance, E. coli, beta-lactams.

 

 

REFERENCES

 

Calandra T, Cohen J (2005). International Sepsis Forum Definition of Infection in the ICU Consensus Conference. The international sepsis forum consensus conference on definitions of infection in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 2005;33:1538-48  

Coman I, Secasan I, Feciche B (2008). Infecţiile tractului urinar. În I. Sinescu, G. Gluck et al, Tratat de Urologie. Ediţia I, Ed. Medicală, Bucureşti, 2008; 875-932.

https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthcare-associated-infections

Naber KG, Schaeffer AJ, Heyns CF (2009). International Consultation on Urogenital Infections, Stockholm, Sweden, March 2009. Urogenital Infections, EAU, edition 2010.

Ronald A (2003). The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens. Dis Mon. 2003; 49: 71-82

Wagenlehner FME, Naber KG (2004). Antibiotics and Resistance of Uropathogens EAU Update Series 2. 2004; 125-135

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Mohamed Medhat Ghareib, Magdy Attia, Nemat M Awad, Magdi Z Matter and Dina El-Kahky
Screening of Fusarium spp Resistance to Silver Ions for Ability to Synthesize Silver Nanoparticles from Egyptian Soils
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Microbiol September 2015 Vol: 4(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,957 KB)
Aroyeun SO, Odumbaku LO, Oloyede AO, Adebiyi DA, and Majolagbe IR
Effects of clonal variations on the chemical and Organoleptic qualities of green tea processed on Mambilla highland Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Microbiol July 2012 Vol: 1(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (585 KB)
Nwafor O Emmanuel
Antimicrobial activities of extract of four local spices on bacteria isolated from raw meat sold in Abraka Delta State Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Microbiol April 2013 Vol: 2(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (351 KB)
Review
Kabeh JD
The Role of Biotechnology in Solving Global Food Crisis
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Microbiol October 2012 Vol: 1(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (167 KB)
Original Research Articles
Gouri Saif, Reguieg Lies, Djaaboub Serra, Hellou Mohamed, Amrouche Abdelillah, Sherif Moussa
Evaluation of quality of irrigation water used for vegetables crops in the agricultural zone of Zbara (south-west of Algeria).
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Microbiol December 2015 Vol: 4(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (277 KB)
Alkali SC
Subsurface Resistivity Structures of Some Parts of Southern Upland Area of River Kaduna, North Central Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Microbiol September 2015 Vol: 4(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (850 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Ioana Florina Mihai on Google Scholar
Ioana Florina Mihai on Pubmed
Alex on Google Scholar
Alex on Pubmed
ra Georgiana Lacatusu on Google Scholar
ra Georgiana Lacatusu on Pubmed
Florina Filip-Ciubotaru on Google Scholar
Florina Filip-Ciubotaru on Pubmed
Carmen Dorobat on Google Scholar
Carmen Dorobat on Pubmed
C. Romanescu on Google Scholar
C. Romanescu on Pubmed
Carmen Manciuc on Google Scholar
Carmen Manciuc on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 756
Printed 52
Downloaded 296
Powered By iPortal Works