Global Advanced Research Journal of Microbiology (GARJM) ISSN: 2315-5116
August 2018 Vol. 7(6): pp. 113-120
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
An Assessment of the Preservative Potentials of Soursop (Annonamuricata) Seed Oil on Plantain and Orange Juice.
Dauda A. O., Salami, K.O., Oyeyinka, S.A., Esan, O.T., Arise, A.K and Asije A.R.
University of Ilorin, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Home Economics and Food Science, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Accepted 14 June, 2018
An assessment of the preservative potentials of seed oil of soursop (Annonamuricata) plant grown in the tropics of West Africa were studied. The seed oil was extracted via Soxhlet extraction method, matured unripe plantain (stage one) selected, while juice was extracted from oranges. Unripe plantain sourced was coated with the extracted oil and orange juice produced was equally treated with 0.3 to 1.5mls of the extracted oil. Phytochemical component and proximate composition of the seed oil, pH and brix of coated plantain, and microbial load of orange juice were determined using standard methods. Results showed antioxidant values to be total soluble phenols (632.91mg/100g), total carotenoid (344.15µg/100g), concentration of tocopherol (360.0μg/100g), ascorbic acid (0.21mg/100g), flavonoid (150.45mg/kg), and anthocyanins (0.01%), while the moisture, ash, crude fat, crude protein, crude fiber and carbohydrate contents were: 52.12%, 1.61%, 5.19%, 9.71%, 1.33% and 30.05% respectively. Microbial load increase of the orange juice was delayed for 3 weeks when compared to control. It has high value for both the bacteria and fungi counts (2.48 log cfu/g and 1.59 log cfu/g respectively), and treated, 1.89 log cfu/g and 0.08 log cfu/g respectively. The oil coating delayed ripening and spoilage of the plantain samples by about 10days.
Keywords: Antioxidant properties, soursop seed oil, microbial load, proximate composition, shelf life, coating.
Agoreyo BO, Obueke IF, Edosomwan DO (2003): Biochemical and Microbiological changes in plantain (Musa Paradisiaca) at various stages of ripenings. Discovery innovation, 15(3): 171-176.
Antia BS, Akpan EJ, Okon PA, Umoren IU (2006): Nutritive and anti-nutritive evaluation of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) leaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, (5):166-168.
Bokhari A, Lia FC, Suzana Y, Junaid A, Hilimi A (2015): Kapok seed oil extraction using soxhlet extractor method: optimization and parametric study. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 9(37): 429-431.
Chukwuka KS, Ikheloa JO, Okonkwo IO, Moody JO, Makinde TA (2011).The antimicrobial activities of some medicinal plants on Escherichia coli as an agent of diarrhea in livestock. Adv. Appl. Sci. Res.; 2(4): 37-48
Dembitsky VM, Poovarodom S, Leontowicz H, Leontowicz M, Vearasilp S, Trakhtenberg S, Gorinstein S (2011): The multiple nutrition properties of some exotic fruits: Biological activity and active metabolites. International Food Research Journal, 44: 1671-1701.
Fasakin AO, Fehintola EO, Obijole OA, Oseni OA (2008): Compositional analyses of the seed of sour sop, Annonamuricata L., as a potential animal feed supplement. Scientific Research and Essay, 3(10): 521-523.
Federici F, Fava F, Kalogerakisc N, Mantzavinosc D (2009): Valorisation of agro-industrial by-products, effluents and waste: concept, opportunities and the case of olive mill wastewaters. Journal of Chemist, Technology and Biotechnology, 84: 895–900.
Gajalakshmi S, Vijayalakshmi S, Rajeswari V (2012). Phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Annonamuricata: A Rajeswari R review. Int. J Pharm Pharmaceu S Rajeswari Rci. 4(2): 3-6.
Gandhiraja N, Sriram MV, Kavitha C, Sasikumar C, Rajeswari R (2009). Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of the plant extracts of Mimosa pudica L against the selected microbes. 13: 618-624.
Gutierrez-Abejon E, Gomez RF, Veiga-Herreros P (2004).Effects of antioxidants in preventing cardiovascular diseases. Biosciences, Health Sciences, Fac. Rev; 2:1-12. Spanish.
Hidden Valley Inn (2016): Fry jacks, panades, escabeche, and soursop wine, the cuisine of belize. Reservations, 844: 859-2227.
Ihekonronye AI, Ngoddy PO (1985): Integrated Food Science and Technology for the Tropics, 293-300.
Jamaludin J, AbdAziz S, Ibrahim NUA (2014). Dielectric Based Sensing System for banana Ripeness Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 286-289.
Jyothi A, Venkatesh K, Chakrapani P, Roja R (2011).Phytochemical and pharmacological potential of Annonachemimola-A review.Int. J Phytomed. 3: 439-447.
Kaliana SEÇA, Tanara S (2014): Films and edible coatings containing antioxidants – a review. Brazilian Journal of Food Technology, 17(2): 98-112.
Li M, Slaughter DC, Thompson JF (1997). Optical chlorophll sensing system for banana ripening. Postharvest Biology and Technology, vol. 12, pp. 273-283.
Lima A, Silva AMO, Trindade RA, Torres RP, Mancini-Filho J (2007): Composiçãoquímica e compostosbioativospresentesna Polpa e naamêndoa do pequi (CaryocarbrasilienseCamb.). Revised Brazil Frutic, 29(3): 695-698.
Marriot J, Robinson M, Karikari SK (1981). Starch and sugar transformation during the ripening of plantains and banana. Journal of Science, Food and Agriculture, pp. 1021-1026.
Mensah JK, Okoli RI, Ohaju-Obodo JO, Eifediyi K (2008): Phytochemical, nutritional and medical properties of some leafy vegetables consumed by Edo people of Nigeria. Africa Journal Biotechnology, 7: 2304-2309.
Moreno DM, Jorge N (2012). Soursop (Annonamuricata L.) and sugar apple (Annona squamosal L.): Antioxidant activity, fatty acids profile and determination of tocopherols. Nutr. Food Sci.; 42(6): 434-41.
NCI (National Cancer Institute) (2014). Antioxidant and cancer prevention. Accessed on 16th January, 2014. Available: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/prevention/antioxidants.
Neuza Jorge, Ana Carolina Da Silva and Caroline PM, Aranha (2016): Antioxidant activity of oils extracted from orange (Citrus sinensis) seeds. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, 88(2): 951-958.
Nzekwe ABC, Nzekwe FN (2011): Proximate analysis and characterization of the seed and oil of Annonamuricata (soursop). The Nigerian Journal of Research and Production, 18(1): 1-3.
Onimawo (2002): Proximate composition and selected physicochemical properties of the seed, pulp and oil of soursop (Annonamuricata). Plant Foods Human Nutrition, 57(2): 165-71.
Onyechi U, Ibeanu U, Nkiruka V, Eme EP, Madubike K (2012): Nutrient phytochemical composition and sensory evaluation of soursop (Annonamuricata) pulp and drink in south eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 12 (6): 53-57.
Oyewole OA (2012): Microorganisms associated with deterioration of stored banana fruits. Journal of Frontiers in Science, 2(5): 86-91.
Pathak P, Saraswathy VA, Savai J (2010). In-vitro antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of the leaves of Annonamuricata. Int. J Pharmaceut Res. Dev.; 2(5): 1-6.
Pereira MC, Steffens RS, Jablonski A, Hertz PF, Rios AO, Vizzotto M, Flôres SH (2013): Characterization, bioactive compounds and antioxidant potential of three Brazilian fruits. Journal of Food Complied Analysis, 29(1):19-24.
Pieme CA, Kumar SG, Dongmo MS, Moukette BM, Boyoum FF, Ngogang JY, Saxena AK (2014). Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptosis by Annonamuricata (Annonaceae) extract on human cancer cells. Journal of Basic Medical Clinic and Alternative Medicine, 14(516): 56-60.
Roesler R, Malta LG, Carrasco LC, Holanda RB, Sousa CAS, Pastore GM (2007): Atividadeantioxidante de frutas do cerrado. Journal of Ciênc. Technology. Alimenteurs, 27(1):53-60.
Rosa Raybaudi-Massilia, Alírica I, Suárez, Francisco Arvelo, Felipe Sojo, Jonathan Mosqueda-Melgar1, Alexandra Zambrano and María I. Calderón-Gabaldón (2015): An analysis in-vitro of the cytotoxic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Annonamuricata L. seed and pulp. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 5(4):333-341.
Sarmento José Darcio Abrantes, PatríciaLígia Dantas de Morais, Francisco Israel de Souza and Maria Raquel Alcântara de Miranda (2015): Physical-chemical characteristics and antioxidant potential of seed and pulp of Ximeniaamericana L. Brazil African Journal of Biotechnology, 14(20): 1743-1752.
Stone BC (1970). The flora of Guam.Micronesica; 6:1-659.
Taco (2011). Tabelabrasileira de composição de alimentos/NEPA-UNICAMP. Campinas, SP: NEPA-UNICAMP.
Vieira GHF, Mourao JA, Angelo AM, Costa RA, Vieira RHSF (2010). Antibacterial effect (in vitro) of Moringaoleifera and Annonamuricana against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 52(3): 129-132.
Vijayameena C, Subhashini G, Loganayagi M, Ramesh B (2013). Phytochemical screening and assessment of antibacterial activity for the bioactive compounds in Annonamuricata.Int. J Curr.Microbiol.Appl Sci.; 2(1):1-8.
Yang C, Gundala SR, Rao M, Subrahmanyam V, Reid MD, Ritu A (2015). Synergistic interactions among flavonoids and acetogenins in Graviola (Annonamuricata) leaves confer protection against prostrate cancer. Carcinogenesis, 36(6): 656-665.
- Dauda A. O. on Google Scholar
- Dauda A. O. on Pubmed
- Salami on Google Scholar
- Salami on Pubmed
- K.O. on Google Scholar
- K.O. on Pubmed
- Oyeyinka on Google Scholar
- Oyeyinka on Pubmed
- S.A. on Google Scholar
- S.A. on Pubmed
- Esan on Google Scholar
- Esan on Pubmed
- O.T. on Google Scholar
- O.T. on Pubmed
- Arise on Google Scholar
- Arise on Pubmed
- A.K on Google Scholar
- A.K on Pubmed
- Asije A.R. on Google Scholar
- Asije A.R. on Pubmed