Global Advanced Research Journal of Management and Business Studies (GARJMBS) ISSN: 2315-5086 April 2012 Vol. 3(4), pp 160-165

Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals   

 

Review

A Dynamic Panel Analysis of the Determinants of Economic Growth in Some Selected Sub-Sahara African Countries 

Joseph Ayoola Omojolaibi and Mathew Babatope Ogunniyi

Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka-Lagos, Nigeria.

E-mail: omojo_laibi@yahoo.com 

Accepted 12 March 2014

 

Abstract

The preoccupation of this study is to examine the cointegrating relationship and direction of causality between trade openness, foreign direct investment, domestic investment, government expenditure and economic growth for a panel of 17 highly aid-dependent Sub-Sahara African countries, for the period 1975-2010. The selected countries are: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Kao and the Johansen-Fisher panel cointegration tests identify cointegrating relationships between the panel variables. The long-run effects of trade openness, domestic investment and government expenditure on economic growth are significantly positive. However, the long-run effect of foreign direct investment on economic growth is insignificant. The direction of causality between the panel variables is also examined by performing the Engle and Granger (1987) test on the first-differenced variables. Since the long-run elasticities of economic growth with respect to trade openness, domestic investment and government expenditure are greater than the short-run elasticities, it is recommended that greater openness to international trade and increases in domestic investment and government expenditure will expectedly raise the economic growth of the Sub-Sahara African countries. 

Keywords: Dynamic panel, Trade openness, Investment, Economic growth.

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