Global Advanced Research Journal of Management and Business Studies (GARJMBS) ISSN: 2315-5086 May 2012 Vol. 1(4), pp 126-133

Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals   

 

Original Research Articles

Impact of Motivation on the working performance of employees- A case study of Pakistan

Akbar Ali1, Maira Abrar2,  Jahanzaib Haider 

1Bahaudin Zakariya University, Multan, Sub-Campus, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan. Tel: 92-331-7304678, 

2Bahaudin Zakariya University, Multan, Sub-Campus, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan. 

3Bahaudin Zakariya University, Multan, Sub-Campus, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan. Tel: 92-331-3312626, 

Corresponding author Email: haider_jahanzeb@yahoo.com 

Accepted 10 April, 2012

 

Abstract

Motives are key to human behaviour. It plays an important role in performance and other activities and as such the manager should know what motivation is and how subordinates can are motivated towards performance. This study investigates the role of motivation on employees’ performance as the history of explaining human or animal behaviour is not new.” why did one do what one did “had been the subject of working even in the past, some human behaviour was explained as an outcome of demos impedance and this explanation was unscientific. Efforts were also made to determine principles which could explain human behaviour. McDougall emphasized that man’s social behaviour can be explained in terms of instincts which was later on criticized. Freud used “unconscious metal process” to explain behaviour especially in case of perversion, hallucination, dreams, obsession and anxieties. Attempts have also being made to explain human behaviour in terms of rules following purposive model. Also end-state explanation such as need reduction, tension-reduction or homeostatic postulates is offered for behaviour. Motives like drives, needs, instincts are also used to explain human behavior. Neither inspires of all this all inclusive theory of explaining human behaviour is neither easy to present at this stage nor perhaps will it be possible in the future. 

Keywords:  Motivation, working Performance, Employees.

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