Global Advanced Research Journal of Management and Business Studies (GARJMBS) ISSN: 2315-5086
June 2017 Vol. 6(4), pp. 072-080
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper  

Cleaner production and the management of effluents in the Ecuadorian craft fisheries sector

Ramiro Enrique Cepeda Luna1, Gabriel Arturo Pazmiño Solys2*, Washington Marcelo Gallardo Medina3, Juan Enrique Ramos Guevara4, Mónica Paulina Espinoza Guano5 and Luis Leonardo Guerrero Garcés6 

1Magister in Cleaner Production. Food engineer. Technical University of Ambato, Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
2Doctor in Industrial Engineering, Master in Socio Productive Projects, Mechanical Engineer, Business Engineer. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador, Technical University of Ambato – Ecuador.
3Master in Business Administrator, Strategic Management, Technical University of Ambato, Faculty of Administrative Sciences Ambato, Ecuador.
4Magister in Business Financial Management, Food Engineer. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
5Engineer in Food. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
6Master in Costs and Financial Management. Master in Teaching University. Civil Engineer. Professor of the Faculty of Administrative Sciences of the Technical University of Ambato, Ambato - Ecuador.

*Corresponding Author Email: ga.pazmino@uta.edu.ec, gapasrio@gmail.com

Accepted 02 July, 2017 

Abstract

The application of environmental strategies such as cleaner production within the operations of the Ecuadorian artisanal fishing sector has allowed a significant reduction of pollution to the marine environment through the recovery of valuable compounds present mainly in effluents that were returned To the sea and are now introduced into the main process, thus improving not only environmental performance but also increasing productivity and contributing positively to the image of the organization before the various stakeholders. This research was based on the analysis of the processes of artisanal fishing production and the management of efuentes of these processes in the artisanal fishing ports of Ecuador, considering that the Ecuadorian government through the denominated Ecuadorian Artisanal Fishing Revolution, has contributed to the Repowering and improvement of the main artisanal fishing ports, as well as rules and regulations for the sector as a state policy and to support local development and the change of the country's productive matrix. The methodology applied in this work was initially to identify the current production systems of the Ecuadorian artisanal fishing sector, using a questionnaire structured and validated through the expert method and with the help of bibliographic material related to the subject, followed by interviews with the presidents Associations of the main artisanal fishing ports of Ecuador and representatives of fish processing plants that have been favored with development projects by governmental organizations based on the analysis of the data obtained. Secondary data were collected through a survey administered to 392 fishermen in the five main artisanal fishing ports of Ecuador, Puerto Aconcito and Santa Rosa in the province of Santa Elena, Puerto Jaramijo and San Mateo in the province of Manabí and Puerto La Poza Of the Province of Esmeraldas, which have been restructured thus improving the fishing facilities by the government of the citizens' revolution. As a result of this research, it is concluded that the cleaner production processes improves the quality and efficiency standards in the elaboration of products made with seafood. The legislation concerned focuses on the recovery of solids and fats, so it is expected that investment in environmental technology will lead to better productivity, thereby improving the access of fish products and by products  to  national  and  international  markets  for  the benefit of associations of artisanal fishermen, through the implementation of adequate organizational systems, market conditions, production systems, associative processes, technical labor training, legal structures, thus giving a global strengthening of the artisanal fishing sector of Ecuador, through the application of clean technologies in the industrial sector among them in the handling and elaboration of products the fishing and capture of marine species has been gradually being carried out with the adaptation of equipment and installation of new stages of the main productive process in order to reduce the polluting effect of the emissions soda S and particulate matter, solid waste and effluents in the environment. The implementation of cleaner production systems based on recovery methods but all based on the principles of prevention and conservation of the marine environment, in order to achieve a business eco-efficiency in the fishing sector are led by companies that are implementing measures coefficients in order to encourage the efficient use of natural resources and promote the protection of environmental quality, thus contributing to the country's competitiveness and facilitating its transition towards sustainable development.

Keywords: Cleaner production, effluent management, artisanal fisheries sector, Ecuador.

 

References 

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