Global Advanced Research Journal of Management and Business Studies (GARJMBS) ISSN: 2315-5086
June 2017 Vol. 6(4), pp. 104-110
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper  

The quality of life at work as a factor involved in the intention of labor resignation

María Dolores Guamán Guevara1, Elías David Caisa Yucaila2, Amparito Cecilia León Saltos3, Gabriel Arturo Pazmiño Solys4*, Jorge Iván Carrillo Hernandez5 and José Luis Vasconez Fuentes6

1Magister in Management and Business Management, Engineer in Business Administration Faculty of Administrative Sciences Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
2Master in Public Management, Commercial Engineer, Faculty of Administrative Sciences Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
3Master in Business Administration Research, Master in Business Administration, Engineering in Business Administration, Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador, Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
4Doctor in Industrial Engineering, Master in Socio Productive Projects, Mechanical Engineer, Business Engineer. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador, Technical University of Ambato – Ecuador.
5Master in Business Management, Foreign Trade Engineer. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador, Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
6Master in Business Law, Juris Doctor, Faculty of Administrative Sciences Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.

*Corresponding Author Email:,

Accepted 02 July, 2017


The present study focuses on the relationship of the quality of life and what are the implicit factors in the intention to resign, of the workers located in the manufacturing companies of the province of Tungurahua. The research was designed in a descriptive way, it was used a questionnaire and applied to a sample of 250 employees of the manufacturing companies analyzed in their entirety, in order to obtain relevant information regarding the intention to resign workers. The methodology used in the research was based on documentation and bibliographic information, through the study and analysis of relevant aspects of intense form with scientific validity. The type of study is correlational, because the behavior of the variable quality of life is measured by having the influence of the implicit factors in the renunciation, it is bibliographical-descriptive, the direct observation method was applied to the workers of the public and private companies, detecting the causes that motivate workers towards an intention to resign, which is related to the quality of work life. The target population for this research work corresponds to the economically active population of the province of Tungurahua of 244,893 people, male and female, between 18 and 35 years of age with a baccalaureate and university education level, Agreement to the private and public sector in the year 2015. This population was chosen because they develop business activities and the factors of quality of life can be analyzed in this objective group of the same the behavior, income, perception of support, motivation, exhaustion and intention of resignation. As research results, it can be detected that the monthly income received by workers does not influence working hours, is an essential point in the performance of companies, since it is related to the variables studied, emphasizing that the economic aspect is one of the valuable  motivational factors for workers' performance It was determined that it is necessary for companies to adopt clear policies regarding the implementation of corrective actions on the workload of workers, since there are certain factors that affect the completion of the tasks, because these can be completed or simply unspecified. And that the tasks or activities carried out in the company, the adoption of equitable processes will provide better results in the productivity and efficiency of workers must be equipped for a better development of human talent. The rate of intention of resignation of workers has indicators when the employee performs his work daily, so aspects such as compensation, and the work environment and the preoccupation of the superiors by his subordinates has a positive or negative impact. In the investigation it was found that the worker is moderately in accordance with his remuneration 53.6% and the percentage of nonconformity is 16%, which implies a low intention of resignation. With regard to the daily activities of the worker, the worker receives pressure for the fulfillment of his obligations, due to the fact that 45.2% work hard and concentrate their efforts. Another important indicator is the concern to improve the quality of life of workers by the superiors, it is determined that 40.80% considers that this management is good, while 4.40% consider it regular. Finally, the main component of the quality of work life is the perception that the employee has about communication, 89.2% of them identify the sense of belonging to the organization through this tool.

Keywords: Quality of life, intention to resign, work climate, communication, performance.



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