Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
January 2015 Vol. 4(1), pp. 001-009
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

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Knowledge of a re-emerging arboviruses: Chikungunya, Strategies for control, Esmeraldas, Ecuador

Glenda Velásquez. Msc,  PhD1*, David Quiñónez Ayoví, Dr2, Oscar Preciado Cañas, Dr3 and José Mauricio Muñóz Quiñónez, Msc4

1Prometeo Researcher, Universidad Luis Vargas Torres, Esmeraldas, Ecuador.
2Medical Epidemiologist, National Control of Vector-Borne Diseases Arthropod SNEM, Zone VII, Esmeraldas, Ministry of Public Health, Ecuador.
3Specialist in Public Health, Ministry of Popular Power for Health, Insalud Carabobo, Venezuela.
4Statistical, National Control of Arthropods SNEM Vector-Borne Diseases Zone VII Esmeraldas, Ministry of Public Health, Ecuador.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: glenticks@gmail.com; Phone: +593-983176173

Accepted 12 January, 2015

Abstract

Chikungunya Fever is a disease caused by infection with Chikungunya (CHIKV) virus, alphavirus belonging to the Togaviridae family transmitted by the bite of female mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Due to the widespread distribution of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus is not demonstrated that the presence in the country is susceptible to invasion and spread of the virus. PAHO / WHO reports that the epidemiological week 26, 2014 (updated June 27, 2014), the backlog of cases from 2013 to 2014, reported in countries or territories with indigenous transmission of CHIKV in the Americas, is 259,723 suspected cases and 4,721 confirmed cases, for an incidence rate of 296.6 cases per 100,000 population. The impact of this infection on public health by the tendency of Ecuador and its geographical distribution is unknown, however it is estimated that due to the wide spread of the vectors involved in the region, major epidemics could occur as it happened in other parts of the world where the disease has been introduced into virgin populations. Ecuador does not escape to this reality. Close surveillance, strengthening the diagnostic capacity, entomological strategies involving permanent and sustained action to prevent and control disease community participation is required.

Keywords: virus-vector-surveillance-epidemiologic-entomologic surveillance- participation

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