Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
January 2015 Vol. 4(1), pp. 061-066
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and awareness of hypertension amongst staff and students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria

Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere1*, Utoo Priscilla Mwuese2 and Bako Ishaku Ara2

1Department of Internal Medicine, PMB 102119, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
2Department of Community Medicine, PMB 102119, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author E-mail:; Phone: 08037067040

 Accepted 19 December, 2014


Hypertension is a growing public health problem and a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study assessed the prevalence and level of awareness of hypertension in a tertiary institution in Nigeria and its association with some socio-demographic factors. In a cross-sectional survey, by a cluster sampling method, 471 subjects were selected. Blood pressure was measured by standard protocol. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140mmHg and /or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90mmHg. A structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data. The overall prevalence of hypertension in the study was 15.7%. The level of awareness of hypertension amongst hypertensives was 21.6% while 78.4% were unaware of their hypertensive state. Hypertension was not significantly associated with male sex (χ2 = 0.456; p=0.500) or lower educational status (χ2 =1.480; p=0.224). However, it was significantly associated with marriage (χ2 = 18.684; p<0.001), low socio-economic status (χ2 = 9.416; p=0.002) and older age (χ2 = 27.302; p<0.001). There were significant correlations between blood pressure, age and BMI (p<0.001). There is a low level of awareness of hypertension in this institution. The determinants of hypertension in this tertiary institution are marriage, low socio-economic status and older age.

Keywords: Hypertension, Prevalence, Awareness, Socio-demographic, Tertiary Institution.


Related Articles

Original Research Articles
Melake Mostafa Saleh
Epilepsy and Headache, a relationship of a great concern
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. December 2015 Vol: 4(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (102 KB)
Mohammad Huneif
Prevalence of the usage of soft drink among children in the south western region of KSA
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2017 Vol: 6(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (86 KB)
Sami S Ashgar, Barhameen AA Abeer, Ayman Johargy, Hamdi M El-Said, Mohammed H Mukhtar and Abdullah A Saati
Prevalence of Streptococcus pyogenes Among Pre-School Children Ages 4 to 6 in Makah city, Saudi Arabia
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. January 2017 Vol: 6(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (111 KB)
Ndako JA, Osemwegie OO, Spencer THI, Olopade BK Yunusa GA and Banda J
Prevalence of dermatophytes and other associated fungi among school children
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. April 2012 Vol: 1(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (191 KB)
Elisam Magara
The place of oral history and palaeography in indigenous knowledge management education: Makerere University—EASLIS experience
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2013 Vol: 2(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (200 KB)
Jahdi Freshteh, Khademi Khadijeh, Merghati Khoei Effat, Haghani Hamid and Yazdanpanahi Zahra
Marital Factors and Husbands' Demographic Feature Associated with Human Papillomavirus Infection in the Iranian Women
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. August 2015 Vol: 4(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (95 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Google Scholar
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Pubmed
Utoo Priscilla Mwuese on Google Scholar
Utoo Priscilla Mwuese on Pubmed
Bako Ishaku Ara on Google Scholar
Bako Ishaku Ara on Pubmed


Viewed 3296
Printed 584
Downloaded 2921
Powered By iPortal Works