Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
January 2016 Issue Vol. 5(1), pp. 001-005
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

In relation to Epidemiologic and Entomologic Surveillance of Zika Virus

Glenda C Velásquez-Serra

Instituto Nacional de Investigación en Salud Pública. Prometeo. SENESCYT

E-mail: glenticks@gmail.com, gvelasquez@inspi.gob.ec

Accepted 16 December, 2015

Abstract

Similarly to Dengue and Chikungunya, Zika virus requires a comprehensive response involving several areas of action, from health, to education and the environment, whose joint activities allow to substantially reduce vector populations. The purpose of this article is to present a combination of two strategies for controlling the Aedes aegypti vector, responsible for transmitting Zika virus. This combination of practices will allow the integration of epidemiological and entomological surveillance that usually act separately. It is based on systematic and order control activities primarily through the importance of the "Weekly Epidemiological Report" by recipients and key sites index for monitoring and control of vector. By reporting the information generated through technical training to the inhabitants of houses by the vector control personnel who act against reported cases. This knowledge is transmitted to each inhabitant of the home; trained to identify recipients and key sites, producing a multiplier effect on the population. In this sense, the population will know what actions should take timely and permanently at home for mosquito control and inform properly the decision-making level. The procedure consists of five steps: (1) characterize the locality where the cases are generated (2) inspection of the dwelling by the staff of vector control program (3) technical training to the inhabitants of the housing (4) information to the unit of epidemiology and entomology and weekly report generation (5) implementation in the community, tracking and monitoring of cases. These steps are established from the practical experience of previous work and by reference to other models and practices of different countries. Finally, note that for making a succesful intervention, demonstrated as health improvements for the population, it is necesary an active and ongoing participation of the community and of all personnel involved in control activities.

Keywords: knowledge, containers, key sites, epidemiological surveillance, entomological, Zika virus


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