Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
January 2017 Vol. 6(1), pp. 014-020
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper  

Potential risk of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Nasopharyngeal Carriage during Umrah and Hajj Seasons in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Ayman K Johargy1, Aiman M Momenah1, Sami S Ashgar1, Hani S Faidah1, Hamdi M El-Said1*, Atif Asghar2, Ameen Alherabi2,  Ashraf E Sorour1, Ibrahim S Alayed3, Baraa T Melibari3, Rayan A Monshi3 and Omar M Alsaati3

1Medical Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Institute of the Hajj Research ,Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
3Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: hamdimustafa1@gmail.com; Mobile: 00966551941735

Accepted 19 January, 2017 

Abstract

Hajj and Umrah poses many health challenges and lead to a higher risk of acquiring and disseminating infectious diseases, as a result of mass gatherings and shared accommodation and air pollution. Nasal colonization by Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major contributing factor for pneumococcal disease that still one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study was to the detection and evaluate of S. pneumoniae in the nasopharyngeal carriage and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of S. pneumoniae isolates in different ethnic groups, during Umrah and Hajj Season. A total of 3184 nasal swab were collected from 979/613 Umrah visitors/Pilgrims, swab from each one upon arrival and swab before leaving Saudi Arabia, during the period from March to November 2009 G. Samples were cultured for the presence of S. pneumonia by stander laboratory procedures in the Microbiology research laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University. The carriage rate of S. pneumoniae was 0% before performing Umrah and  6.41% after performing Umrah and 80% from isolates after Umrah were sensitive to Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone, Rifampicin and Meropenem antibiotics. The carriage rate of S. pneumoniae was 0.7%  before performing Hajj and1% after performing Hajj and 75% from isolates before Hajj and 66.7% after Hajj were sensitive to the previous antibiotics. This study revealed that ethnic groups carries S. pneumoniae were more after performing Hajj and Umrah than before Hajj and Umrah. Thus, we recommend to repeat this study after few years to evaluate the carriage rate of S. pneumoniae in Umrah visitors and Pilgrims and adding controls from Saudi nationals to any upcoming study in order to compare the carriage rate of S. pneumoniae in Umrah visitors, Pilgrims and Saudi nationals, for designing control strategies for these infectious diseases  during Umrah and Hajj seasons.

Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae, nasopharyngeal carriage, Hajj and Umrah, ethnic groups, Saudi Arabia.


Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Faiza Abdu and Abeer Alahmari
Anti-inflammatory effect of Melittin on Mice Jejunum
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. March 2013 Vol: 2(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (344 KB)
Abdulkarim Alzayyat, Obay A Almaraira and Yahia M Al-helih
Stress and Coping Among Nursing Students During Their Practical Education in Psychiatric Settings: A Literature Review
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. May 2015 Vol: 4(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (144 KB)
Mohammad Huneif
Factors influencing in the selection of specialty among the student of College of Medicine, Najran university, KSA
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2017 Vol: 6(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (108 KB)
Amany Basuny MM, Shaker Arafat M, Azza Ahmed AA
Vacuum frying An alternative to obtain high quality potato chips and fried oil
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. July 2012 Vol: 1(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (0 KB)
Souad Khemiri and Said Jaouadi
Financial Instability in Tunisia April 2012
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (153 KB)
Nafisa S. A. Ahmed, Shaza G. Mohammed, Adil A. El Hussein and Marmar A. El Siddig
Optimization of Conditions for Protease Production from Aspergillus niger under Solid State Fermentation
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. June 2017 Vol: 6(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (780 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Ayman K Johargy on Google Scholar
Ayman K Johargy on Pubmed
Aiman M Momenah on Google Scholar
Aiman M Momenah on Pubmed
Sami S Ashgar on Google Scholar
Sami S Ashgar on Pubmed
Hani S Faidah on Google Scholar
Hani S Faidah on Pubmed
Hamdi M El-Said on Google Scholar
Hamdi M El-Said on Pubmed
Atif Asghar on Google Scholar
Atif Asghar on Pubmed
Ameen Alherabi on Google Scholar
Ameen Alherabi on Pubmed
Ashraf E Sorour on Google Scholar
Ashraf E Sorour on Pubmed
Ibrahim S Alayed on Google Scholar
Ibrahim S Alayed on Pubmed
Baraa T Melibari on Google Scholar
Baraa T Melibari on Pubmed
Rayan A Monshi on Google Scholar
Rayan A Monshi on Pubmed
Omar M Alsaati on Google Scholar
Omar M Alsaati on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1746
Printed 299
Downloaded 567
Powered By iPortal Works