Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
October 2017 Vol. 6(10), pp. 257-266
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper 

Sonographic Assessment of Residual Urine Volume in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia patients in Sudan

Awadia Gareeballah1*, Ikhlas Abdelaziz Hassan2, Marwa  Mahdi1, Duha Abdu2 and Salah Ali2

1Faculty of Radiology Science and Medical Imaging, Alzaiem Alazhari University, P.O. Box 1432, Khartoum North Sudan.
2Sudan University of Science and Technology

*Corresponding Author E-mail: 

Accepted 30 October, 2017


This was a descriptive cross sectional study which was conducted in Khartoum state, Sudan, in the ultrasound departments of different hospitals and clinics from third of January 2016 to twenty of August 2016. The problem of this study was that assessment of residual urine volume is not always considered although it helps identify patients who need further evaluation and helps via the choose treatment method. The study aimed to measure residual urine volume in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients, to measure intravesical prostatic protrusion, to correlate between prostate volume and age, pre and post void urine volume respectively, to correlate between prostate volume and pre void urinary bladder volume, to correlate between prevoid residual volume and postvoid residual urine volume and to correlate between patients age and postvoid residual urine volume, to correlate between prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion and to correlate between intravesical prostatic protrusion and postvoid residual volume .The data were collected from 70 patients, classified and analyzed by SPSS (statistical package for social science). The study showed that most common affected  age group of benign prostatic hyperplasia  lies between 61-70 years old (38.6%), most patients, and range between (41-148) ml, the most prevoid urinary bladder volume was between 101-200ml (60%), the mean of prevoid volume was 185.26 ml lied in the ranging  (28-1790) ml, most  of post void residual volume was between 20-40 ml (22.9%), mean of residual urine volume was 92.29 ml and the range (8-1110) ml, most  of intravesical prostatic  protrusion was 0-10 mm (31.4%),  the mean of intravesical prostatic  protrusion was 17.49mm and the range between (0-47mm). The study showed significant correlation between prostate volume and patient age, prostate volume and prevoid bladder volume, the pre void bladder volume and post void residual volume, the age and post void residual urine volume , the prostate volume and post void residual volume, prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion spearman rho correlation coefficient was 0.536, .0236, 0.571,0.388, 0.476, 0.372. The study showed that no significant correlation between intravesical prostatic protrusion and prevoid bladder, spearman's correlation coefficient was 0.04, also no significant correlation between the age and prevoid bladder volume spearman's correlation coefficient was -.031. The study concluded that Post void urinary volume is very important parameter assessed by ultrasound in patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, to determine the method of treatment either surgical or medical. The study recommended that pre and postvoid urinary bladder volume should be included in routine scan for benign prostatic hyperplasia patients.

Keywords: BPH, PVR urine volume,  IPP, BOO



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