Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
October 2018, Vol. 7(8), pp. 160-164
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Article

Age and Gender Differences in Prevalence and Pattern of Parasitic Helminthes among Students Living in Hostels of a Tertiary Institution in South Eastern Nigeria

Oladejo SO1, Owolabi DO2, Ajibola A3, Kone JK4, Ogunbiyi FO5, Oguntola EA6 and Ajileye B7

1Department of Remote Sensing and GIS, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
2Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Ondo State University Science and Technology, Okitipupa Nigeria.
3The Medical Rehabilitation Therapist (Registration) Board of Nigeria. P O. BOX 3728 Surulere Yaba, Lagos Nigeria.
4Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Ondo State School of Health Technology, Akure. Ondo State. Nigeria.
5Ondo State Specialist Hospital, Akure. Ondo State. Nigeria.
6Department of Biology Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
7Department of Chemistry, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, PMB 1033, Owerri, Imo State Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sooladejo@futa.edu.ng, sundayoladejo001@yahoo.com; Tel: +2348137770123

Accepted 14 September, 2018

Abstract

This study determined the pattern and prevalence of parasitic helminthes among students living in the hostel of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education in Southwestern Nigeria. This school based descriptive cross sectional study was part of the large data collection during the student’s periodic examination screening of students between June and September 2016. A total of 45 students who were positive for the diagnosis of helminthiasis were assessed for the type, prevalence and gender and age difference in the distribution of these parasitic helminthiasis. Using direct saline smear and formol-ether concentration methods, we microscopically examined stool specimens for the presence of eggs, cysts and trophozoites of intestinal parasites. Data was analyzed using the SPSS software. Out of a total of 132 students who were screened, 45 (34.1%) had parasites. Out of this, 18.9% had single infection. The ova of tapeworm constituted the least while Ascaris and hookworm constituted the highest among the parasites. The age group 21 to 40 years had the highest prevalence (about 42.0%) among the male and (about 70.0%) among the females. Generally, female were more infected (Figure 1) across all age groups compared to males according, though the difference in age with parasite prevalence was not statistically significant (p-0.341). For gender, E. Histolytica had the highest prevalence among both male and female, and the least with Tapeworm. Except for E Histolytica and Giardia Lamblia, females also had a higher parasite prevalence compared to male though the difference was also not statistically significant (p-0.016). A significant prevalence of intestinal parasites were found among studied respondents, Measures such as health education, personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, and improvement in water supply should be put in place to reduce disease prevalence.

Keywords: Intestinal parasites, students, prevalence, socio-demographic factors, Nigeria

 

References

Adeyeba OA, Akinlabi A (2002). Intestinal parasitic infections among school children in a rural community, Southwest Nigeria. Niger. J. Parasitol. 23: 11-18.

Adhikari N, Bomjan R, Khatri DB, Joshi DR, Dhakal P, Lekhak B (2010). Intestinal helminthic infections among school children in Kathmandu valley. J. Nepal Health Res. Council. 5: 17-21.

Agbolade OM, Akinboye OM, Awolaja (2004). Intestinal helminthiasis and Urinary Schistosomiasis in some villages of Ijebu North, Ogun State, Nigeria. Afri. J. Biotechnol. 3: 206-209.            

Ayalew A, Debebe T, Worku A (2011). Prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasites among Delgi school children, North Gondar, Ethiopia. J. Parasitol. Vector Biol. 3: 75-81.

Baldo ET, Belizairo VY, Deleon WU, Kong HH, Chung D II (2004). Infection status of intestinal parasites in children living in residential institutions in Metro Manila, the Philippines. Korean  J. Parasitol. 42 (2): 67–70.

Cheesbrough M (2013). District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries. Part 1, Cambridge University Press, 200-202.

Gelaw A, Anagaw B, Nigussie B, Silesh B, Yirga A, Alem M, Endris M (2013). Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and risk factors among schoolchildren at the University of Gondar Community School, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 13:304

Ibrahim MM, Askira MU, Tom MI (2014). Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Patients attending a Tertiary Health Institution in Northeastern Nigeria. Am. J. Res. Comm.  2 (6): 88–96.

Kia EB, Hosseini M, Nilforoushan MR, Meamar AR, Rezaeian M (2008). Study of  intestinal protozoan parasites in rural inhabitants of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran. Iranian J. parasitol. 3: 21–25.

Mazigo HD, Ambrose EE, Zinga M, Bahemana E, Mnyone LL, Kweka EJ, Heukelbach J (2010). Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among patients attending Bugando Medical Center in Mwanza, north-western Tanzania: a retrospective study. J. Health Res. Pp. 2 - 7.

Ngele KK (2012). The prevalence of intestinal protozoan parasites among the undergraduate students of Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, Ebonyi State. Abstract of Niger. J. Parasitol. 3 (4): 876-878.

Obiukwu MO, Umeanaeto PU, Enenya CI, Nwaorgu GO (2008). Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in school children in Mbaukwu, Anambra State. Niger. J. Parasitol.  29 (1): 15-19.

Sah RB, Bhattarai S, Yadav S, Baral R, Jha N, Pokharel PK (2013). A study of Prevalence of intestinal parasites and associated risk factors among the school children of Itahari, Eastern Region of Nepal. Trop. Parasitol. 3: 140-144.

Taiwo AK, Agbolade A (2000). Intestinal helminthiasis among school children in Oru, Ogun State, Nigeria. Niger. J. Sci. 34: 283- 286.

WHO (2009). Basic Laboratory Methods in MedicalParasotology. World Health Organization in Genuea.

Wrights J, Ansari AA, Sukhraj K (2015). Prevalence and Association of Parasitic Helminths Among the Cross Section of Male and Female Gender Groups at University of Guyana, Georgetown, Guyana. Res. J. Parasitol. 10: 50-57.


Related Articles


Original Research Article
Gado ND
A Multi Discriminate Analysis 0f Performance Inducing Variables A Case of the Textile Industry in North West Nigeria 1989 to 2010
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. August 2013 Vol: 2(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (100 KB)
Review
Adekunmisi, Sowemimo Ronke
Strategies for marketing library services and information products in Nigeria.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. December 2013 Vol: 2(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (161 KB)
Original Research Article
Uche, Okala A, Okoye, Uzoma O, Uche Ijeoma B
Sustainable community development An insight into the Niger Delta Development Commission NDDC community development projects in Abia State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. December 2014 Vol: 3(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (121 KB)
Review
Kutama AS, Dangora II, Aisha W, Auyo MI, Sharif U, Umma M, and Hassan KY
An overview of plant resources and their economic uses in Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2015 Vol: 4(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (277 KB)
Original Research Articles
Okonmah L. U
The performance of growth and yield of ten varieties of soybean (Glycine max L meril) in two locations of rainforest zones of Delta State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. August 2012 Vol: 1(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (128 KB)
Guy Eshun, Emmanuel Adu Amankwah and John Barimah
Proximate composition, mineral nutrients and functional properties of Digang, NERICA-1 and NERICA-2 rice varieties from Ghana
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. July 2019 Vol: 8(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (162 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Oladejo SO on Google Scholar
Oladejo SO on Pubmed
Owolabi DO on Google Scholar
Owolabi DO on Pubmed
Ajibola A on Google Scholar
Ajibola A on Pubmed
Kone JK on Google Scholar
Kone JK on Pubmed
Ogunbiyi FO on Google Scholar
Ogunbiyi FO on Pubmed
Oguntola EA on Google Scholar
Oguntola EA on Pubmed
Ajileye B on Google Scholar
Ajileye B on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 788
Printed 161
Downloaded 711
Powered By iPortal Works