Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
November 2013 Vol. 2(11), pp. 238-246
Copyright © 2013 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components among civil servants in a metropolitan city in Northern Nigeria

Awosan, K.J.1*, Ibrahim, M.T.O.1, Arisegi, S.A.2, Ejimadu, S.P.3, Erhiano, E.E.4, Aderahman, A.T.5

1Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
2Department of Family Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
3Department of Chemical Pathology, Specialist Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
4General Outpatient Department, Specialist Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
5Department of Internal Medicine, Specialist Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author  E-mail: awosankj1@yahoo.com  

Accepted 31 October, 2013

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome has been described as a global time bomb, with a quarter of the world’s adults estimated to be having the condition. Reports from studies show high prevalence of metabolic syndrome globally mirroring the rising prevalence of its components, a sequel to urbanization, industrialization and changes in lifestyle. This study sought to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in Sokoto, Nigeria. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 270 civil servants selected by multistage sampling technique from October to November 2012. A proforma was used to collect data on participants’ socio-demographic characteristics. Anthropometric measurement, blood pressure measurement, and estimation of fasting plasma glucose and lipid profile were done for the participants. Prevalence of the components of metabolic syndrome was high by the NCEP-ATP III / (IDF) definitions as follows; central obesity 30.7% (39.6%), low HDL cholesterol 37.8%, raised triglycerides 32.8%, raised fasting plasma glucose 10.7% (19.3%) and raised blood pressure 31.9%. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was also high with a higher prevalence among females both by the NCEP-ATP III definition, 17.8% (males 8.6%, females 31.5%) and the IDF definition, 18.5% (males 13.0%, females 26.9%). This study demonstrated high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components among civil servants in Sokoto. Community based surveys in both rural and urban populations in the state to determine their burden; and public health interventions for their prevention and control are suggested.

Keywords: Prevalence, metabolic syndrome, components, civil servants

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Afrah M Al-Helli, Mustafa G Al-Abbassi, Mohamed A Al-Biaty
Effects of metformin, or metformin with omega 3 combination on serum leptin in Iraqi obese subjects
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. November 2013 Vol: 2(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (664 KB)
Adediran Olufemi Sola, Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere, Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen, Jimoh Ahmed Kayode
Obesity prevalence and its associated factors in an urban and rural area of Abuja Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. September 2012 Vol: 1(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (292 KB)
El-Kersh TA, Marie MA, Al-Sheikh YA and Al-Kahtani SA
Prevalence and risk factors of community-acquired urinary tract infections due to ESBL-producing Gram negative bacteria in an Armed Forces Hospital in Sothern Saudi Arabia
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. August 2015 Vol: 4(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (374 KB)
S Pombal, J Rodilla, A Gomes, L. Silva, P Rocha
Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of the essential oil and antioxidant activity of aqueous extracts of the Eucalyptus globulus Labill. leaves
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. November 2014 Vol: 3(11): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (326 KB)
Enwuso A Igwe
Fatigue Life extension in HMA Concretes through the inclusion of Candle Wax as modifier for heavy trafficked Pavement
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. September 2015 Vol: 4(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (671 KB)
Fidelis Uchendi Okafor and Josephine Ngozi Oko-Ose
Prevalence of malaria infections among children aged six months to eleven years (6 months-11 years) in a tertiary institution in Benin City, Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. November 2012 Vol: 1(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (619 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Awosan KJ on Google Scholar
Awosan KJ on Pubmed
Ibrahim MTO on Google Scholar
Ibrahim MTO on Pubmed
Arisegi SA on Google Scholar
Arisegi SA on Pubmed
Ejimadu SP on Google Scholar
Ejimadu SP on Pubmed
Erhiano EE on Google Scholar
Erhiano EE on Pubmed
Aderahman AT on Google Scholar
Aderahman AT on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 850
Printed 319
Downloaded 1799
Powered By iPortal Works