Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
November 2014 Vol. 3(11), pp. 374-379
Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

The Prevalence of Asymptomatic Nutritional Anemia among Women during Premarital Screening in Southern Area of Saudi Arabia

Mohammad A. Alqahtani1*, Ayed A. Shati2, Ali M. Alsuheel2, Ahmad A. Alhanshani2, Hessa M. Jelban3 and Nasser H. Moady4

1Head of Premarital Screening Program in Aseer Central Hospital, Head of Aseer Diabetic Center, Abha, KSA
2Department of Child Health, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, KSA.
3Department of Pediatrics, Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, KSA
4Premarital Screening Program in Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, KSA.

*Corresponding  Author  E-mail:   awad-q2000@hotmail.com, ayed33@hotmail.com; Mobile: 00966505755251

Accepted 28 November, 2014

Abstract

To find out the prevalence of Asymptomatic Nutritional Anemia among Women during Premarital Screening (PMS) in Southern Area of Saudi Arabia. Despite worldwide economic and scientific development, more than a quarter of the world’s population remains anemic. Nutritional anemia is a major public health problem worldwide particularly in developing countries among women of reproductive age.  studies have reported that Sickle cell diseases  is a relatively common genetic disorder in Saudi Arabia  which varies significantly in different parts of the country, with the highest prevalence is in the Eastern province, followed by the southwestern provinces. The national prevalence of consanguinity in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia remains high. In addition, there are significant variations in the prevalence of consanguinity between certain regions as well as between rural and urban settlements that should be taken into consideration in further studies. This is retrospective study; all the females have Hb below 10 included in the study. Data was entered SPSS version 20 for further analysis and investigation. Descriptive statistics were obtained regarding the demographic variables and laboratory examinations. 4.5% of the females have asymptomatic anemia; PMS testing played a vital role in the determination of anemia. PMS testing proved that it is mandatory process before the marriages not only to detect hereditary blood disorders of anemia but also to discover acquired anemia.

Keywords: Nutritional Anemia, Women, Premarital Screening

 

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