Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
November 2015 Vol. 4(11), pp. 467-472
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper 

Anthropometric Computed Tomography Study of Certain Craniofacial Parameters: Cephalic Length and Cranial width, Nasal Height, Width and Index of Adult Sudanese

Maisa Mohammed Elzaki1, Caroline Edward Ayad2*, Hussein Ahmed Hassan2 and Elsafi Ahmed Abdalla2

1Alzaiem Alazhari University, Faculty of Radiology Science and Medical Imaging, P.O. Box 1432 Khartoum North, Sudan
2Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, P.O. Box 1908, Khartoum, Sudan Khartoum-Sudan

*Corresponding Author E-mail: carolineayad@yahoo.com; Tel: 0922044764

Accepted 15 November, 2015

Abstract

Craniofacial anthropometry is critical in making a precise and organized measurement of human skull. The aim of this study is to document the mean cephalic width and length, nasal height, width and index of adult Sudanese from Khartoum State and to provide comprehensive data to be used by anthropologists and medical practitioners. A total of one hundred and ten (110) adults comprising 34 males and 76 females with mean age 40.88±16.39 and 38.89±12.36 years respectively were used for this study. All the subjects were drawn from Sudanese ethnic group in Khartoum State. The results showed that the Sudanese males and females had mean skull width of 126.38±7.99mm and 123.22±8.58 mm, mean nasal height of 43.29±3.4 mm and 40.75±3.68 mm, mean nasal width of 42.83±4.17 mm and 39.34±3.62 mm and mean nasal indices of 99.12±0.1 and 97.65±0.1 respectively. The t-test analysis indicates a sexual dimorphism, with significantly higher values of all the parameters in males compared to the females (p<0.05). No significant difference was detected according to age.This study is therefore recommended to forensic anthropologists, craniofacial surgeons and medical practitioners and also serves as the basis for future studies on other Sudanese ethnic groups.

Keywords: nasal height, nasal width, nasal index, anthropology

 

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