Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
November 2015 Vol. 4(11), pp. 509-513
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

Oral health promotion in Intensive Care Unit patients: management and adaptations

Alexandre Franco Miranda1*, Ismênia Amorim de Araújo2, Helia Beatriz Nunes de Araújo3, Edmur Carlos de Araújo4 and Ana Cristina Barreto Bezerra5

1Post Graduation Program in Health Sciences, University of Brasília – UnB; Coordinator Department of Dentistry for Special Patients and Geriatric Dentistry, Catholic University of Brasilia – UCB; Hospital Dental Service - Brazil’s Heart Hospital - HCBr, Brasilia, Brazil
2Cardiologist and Echocardiographist – InCor, USP ; Brazil’s Heart Hospital - HCBr, Brasilia, Brazil
3Cardiologist and Intensivist; ICU Coordinator, Brazil's Heart Hospital - HCBr, Brasilia, Brazil
4Interventional Cardiologist; Hemodynamics and Cardiovascular Intervention Center Coordinator and Technical Director, Brazil's Heart Hospital - HCBr, Brasilia, Brazil
5Associate Professor of the Post-Graduation Program in Health Sciences, School of Dentistry University of  Brasília – UnB, Brasilia, Brazil

*Corresponding Author E-mail: alexandrefmiranda@hotmail.com Phone Number: + 55 61 8136-9896

Accepted 18 November, 2015

Abstract

Addressing the clinical management and, adaptive techniques for clinical preventive interventions adapted to promote oral health in intubated and tracheostomized patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Scientific articles were searched and analyzed as well as the bibliographic databases linked to hospital dentistry practices and oral care in ICU. Inclusion criteria were: articles published in English indexed at LiLACS, SciELO and PubMed databases between 2003 and 2014. The search gathered 23 references. Demonstrating the oral health promotion techniques applied to critically ill patients and to train the nursing staff and technicians in order to contribute to the quality of life of ICU patients and decrease the rate of nosocomial pneumonia and other systemic complications, systematic review and brief communication. Ethical approval for this study was granted by the Catholic University of Brasilia, CAAE 44578215.0.0000.0029. Preventive oral health interventions must be constant in the ICU and the dentist in the ICU can contribute to the clinical management, adapting treatments and guidance to health professionals.

Keywords: Oral hygiene, Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated, Endocarditis, Hospital Services  

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