Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
December 2015 Special Issue Vol. 4(12), pp. 546-555
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

A systematic review of laser acupuncture on the management of low back pain

Hennes Gentil de Araújo1, Danúbia Cunha Sá-Caputo2, Patrícia Fróes3, Eric Heleno Frederico4, Adalgisa Maiworm4, Ailton Alexandre Santos4, Clailson Henriques Almeida-Farias4, Shyang Chang5, Sohaku Bastos6, and Mario Bernardo-Filho4*

1Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, RN, Natal, Brazil.
2Programa de Pós-graduação em Fisiopatologia Clínica e Experimental, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030, RJ, Brazil.
3Universidade Potiguar, Natal, RN, Brazil.
4Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas e Complementares, Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
5Department of Electrical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan, Republic of China
6Academia Brasileira de Arte Ciência Oriental, 22050-002, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

*Corresponding  Author  E-mail: bernardofilhom@gmail.com

Accepted 04 December, 2015

Abstract

Acupuncture has been also used to manage patients with Low back pain (LBP). Laser acupuncture (LA), i.e., the use of laser to stimulate acupoints. It is believed that similar clinical responses to manual acupuncture could be achieved via LA. To investigate the validity of the claim, the use of LA in the management of LBP through four databases were searched. The number of publications (NP) in the Science Direct database was the highest among the databases except for the keyword laser. In general, however, the NP with laser acupuncture is very small. The results and conclusions of all the selected papers have indicated the importance of LA in improving clinical conditions of patients with LBP but with no statistical significance with Depression Anxiety Stress Scale; Personal Wellbeing Index; Numerical Pain Rating Scale; Oswestry Disability Inventory; Visual Analog Scale and Ryodoraku Values. The findings are not conclusive in evaluating the effects of LA in treating LBP. The quantification of scales has shown an improvement in the patients treated with LA, however, the same findings were also found in the control groups. As a result, more investigations on LA are needed to clarify its efficacy on LBP. To conclude, there is a scientific interest in studying the LA. It is because that LA is not invasive and it is friendly to the patients with fear of needles. Hence, it is important, to develop suitable and useful protocols on the control of laser wavelength and dose.

Keywords: acupuncture, laser, laser acupuncture, low back pain


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