Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
December 2016 Special Issue Vol. 5(12), pp. 312-325
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper  

Assessment and chemical risk management in healthcare establishments «case of a laboratory of anatomy and pathological cytology»

Youssef El Hani1*, Najat Mahassini2, Leila Radi3 and Abdelkarim Filali-Maltouf1

1Laboratoiry of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohammed V- Agdal, 4 Avenue Ibn Batouta, B.P. 1014 RP, 10100, Rabat, Morocco.
2Faculty of Médecine and Pharmacy of Rabat, University Mohammed V-Souissi, Av. Mohamed Belarbi El Alaoui, B.P. 6203 Rabat, Morocco.
3International Quality Control Corporation (IQCC), PO Box 3719, Mount Vernon New York 10553, USA.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: youssef.elhani@flp.com

Accepted 13 November, 2016

Abstract

The risk of being exposed to hazardous chemicals, the health consequences as well as the cost of accidents at work and occupational diseases associated with them require the establishment of an effective and efficient chemical risk management strategy, which must be based on founding principles and a clearly defined and explicitly formulated policy.  Regarding the chemical risks within hospitals, we have to admit the significant diversity of products and working situations, which can expose the staff to dangerous chemical agents. This study whose contents are based on the standards, the regulations and the scientific data, consists in the deployment of an approach of assessing and managing of chemical risk within a University Laboratory of Anatomy and Pathological Cytology. The advantage of the adopted approach in our study is that it easily allows the differentiation of toxic effects (local, systemic and CMR), while specifying through the phrases in R the path of absorption of the products. Exposed chemical hazards identified: CMR risks (carcinogen, mutagen, reprotoxic), such as Formol, Hémalun Mayer, MGG, EUKITT. The choice of using a semi-quantitative assessment method is a necessity for raking risks as accurately as possible. It establishes the preliminary stage in the implementation of a quantitative evaluation of the exhibitions by atmospheric measurements or/and biological surveillance. Indeed, although being more precise, the quantitative evaluation of the exhibitions cannot be used in first intention because she answers a methodology involving a not insignificant human and financial cost.

Keywords: Risks, chemical risk management, Hospitals

 

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