Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
December 2017 Special Issue Vol. 6(12), pp. 327-329
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Hematological Changes Induced by Heavy Cigarette Smoking

Mahmoud Mohamed Elgari

Medical laboratories Technology Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Al - Medinah, Saudi Arabia.

E-mail: elgari999@yahoo.com

 

Accepted 27 November, 2017 

Abstract

Cigarette smoking considered to be as a major cause  of deaths  from  lung cancer and  cardiovascular disease. Variable hematological changes occur in smokers. The aim of this study to estimate the effects of cigarette smoking on hematological values. The study included sixty subjects 40 smokers and 20 non-smokers. Smokers categories base on number of cigarettes per day for at least 3 years. Complete blood cell count was analyzed by automatic blood cell counter Sysmex 21, to assess hemoglobin (Hb). packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC) and platelets (Plt) counts. The present study revealed significantly increased in Hemoglobin level (P = 0.001), PCV (P  = 0.003), MCH (P value = 0.005) MCHC (P  = 0.001). RBC count (P = 0.004), WBC count (P = 0.002) respectively. Our results  did not show  differences  related to the number of cigarettes smoked per a day. In conclusion, heavy cigarette smoking lead to gross changes in hematological values leading to risk for developing , secondary polycythemia, pulmonary  and/or cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Cigarette smoking, Hematological values, Polycythemia

 

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