Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
December 2017 Special Issue Vol. 6(12), pp. 320-326
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

The effect of gender on transcranial direct current stimulation post-treatment results in stroke patients with aphasia

Karagounis Panagiotis* and Vissarakis George

Filoktitis Rehabilitation Center, Koropi-Attica, Greece

*Corresponding Author E-mail: drkaragounis@yahoo.gr; Phone: +306945702423

Accepted 05 December, 2017

Abstract

The therapeutic method of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as a safe complementary neuromodulating technique for improving speech disorders in patients after stroke. In the current study we examined the effect of tDCS over inferior frontal gyrus area in 8 chronic post-stroke aphasic female and male patients (4 female and 4 male). The therapeutic protocol consists of the assessment of picture naming (accuracy) before and immediately after anodal type tDCS (2 mA, 20 min) stimulation-in combination with speech therapy, compared to the control group that only followed speech therapy (8 patients, 4 female and 4 male). The post-treatment values of picture naming (13.76 ± 2.12) after treatment with tDCS and speech therapy were statistically improved in the experimental group compared to the control group (11.14±1.27, p=0.04), where additional statistical significance was recorded in post-treatment values between male and female participants, where female patients presented statistically significant major improvement compared to the male patients (female 14.89±1.96 vs male 12.44±1.32 respectively, p=0.04). Therapeutic session with tDCS can be used as a safe and effective complementary method for the treatment of speech disorders following a stroke, where the female patients seem to present a better response to the treatment.

Keywords: Transcranial direct current stimulation, Speech disorders, Stroke patients, Neurorehabilitation

 

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