Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
February 2014 Vol. 3(2), pp. 047-053
Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Male breast cancer in Yaounde, Cameroon: a population study and review

Enow Orock GE1*, Takang WA2, Eyongeta DE3, Weledji PE4, Ewane TP1, and Ngowe NM4

1Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Buea/ Yaounde Cancer Registry, Cameroon.
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Bamenda, Cameroon.
3Department of Surgery, Urology unit, Faculty of Health Science, University of Buea, Cameroon.
4Department of Surgery, Faculty of Health Science, University of Buea, Cameroon.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: enowrock24@yahoo.com: Tel (237) 7771 6045

Accepted 24 February, 2014

Abstract

In order to find out the profile of breast cancer among males in our community, this 6 years retrospective study was carried out using data from the Yaounde Cancer Registry from 2004 to 2010. A total of 43 patients, giving an annual incidence of 7, aged 26-80 years (average 51.1 years) were found. This constituted 2.1% of all breasts and about 1.4% of all cancers diagnosed in the population. Majority of our patients (87%) were of intermediate or high social status and presented at late stages (III or IV). The morphology of the tumour was predominantly a duct carcinoma (86%), diagnosed mainly on biopsy specimens (79%) or by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (18.6%). Though the incidence of the disease is still low in this community, public education needs to be intensified. This  is to induce patients to present earlier, a key factor in the management outcome of this disease, which is still erroneously considered a female disease. Further studies to document trends on male breast cancer are recommended.

Keywords: Male, breast cancer, Cameroon

 

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