Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
April 2015 Vol. 4(4), pp. 200-206
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of body mass index and age on international prostate symptom score: on men attending urology clinic in a tertiary institution in Nigeria

Adegun Patrick Temi1*, Ajayi Oladimeji Akande2, Salawu Adedayo Idris1, Areo Peter Olufemi1, Esho Julius Olusanmi1 and Dada Samuel Ayokunle2

1Department of Surgery, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
2Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: patrickikelomo@yahoo.com; Tel :+2348034531236

Accepted 13 April 2015

Abstract

To establish possible effects of Body Mass Index [BMI] and age on International Prostate Symptoms Score [IPSS] in Nigerian men with lower urinary tracts symptoms [LUTS]. This is a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study. A total of 250 men aged 40years and above, from Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. BMI was calculated for each patient. IPSS and Bother Score were assessed by trained physicians. The mean age for the patients was 62.28±12.1years, mean BMI was 26.8±3.4Kg/m2. The mean storage symptoms and mean voiding symptoms were 8.3±4.1 and 8.5±6.4 respectively. Overweight patients were 49.2% and 18% were obese. Moderate to severe symptoms were the most prevalent [80%] symptoms. Majority of the patients presented with poor QoL[84.4%].  There was an association between BMI and IPSS, p<0.05. Age was positively associated with IPSS with older men having fewer mild symptoms than younger men, p<0.05. This study demonstrated that BMI was significantly associated with IPSS as well as the age group. Majority of patients in this study were overweight. Physicians should consider BMI measurement in their routine clinical assessment of LUTS and counsel their patients on life style modifications.  

Keywords: Age; BMI; IPSS; Nigeria.

 

 

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