Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
April 2015 Vol. 4(4), pp. 194-199
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Facilitators of traffic accidents management in Islamic Republic of Iran: A grounded theory study

Moussa Amiri, Hamid Soori*, Hamidreza Khankeh and Eskandar Momeni 

Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author E-mail: hsoori@yahoo.com; Phone: 98 21 22439980

Accepted 13 April 2015

Abstract

The high volume of traffic accidents requires a management mechanism so that, by targeted application of human and material resources, time and severity of accidents are reduced and safety of users is improved. Identifying and applying facilitating factors is one of the mechanisms. Qualitative research method with a grounded theory approach was done on 28 samples with Bachelor's to PhD degrees, who had administrative and academic background in the field of transportation and traffic. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and the study was continued until the data saturation. Data analysis was performed continuously and simultaneous with data collection. Also, to ensure the accuracy of the data analysis, two focused group interviews were held. Facilitators of traffic accidents management were identified as follows: Formulating style sheets, coordinating the organizations, correctly preparing relief agencies, codifying rules and regulations, role of education and culture-fostering, accurate and timely informing, availability of firefighting structure, defining tasks of relief agencies in scene management, using religious potential of people. By applying and implementing the facilitators the performance and status of traffic accidents management, which plays an important role in reducing human and material losses, can be improved in Iran.

Keywords: Facilitators, traffic accidents, management, grounded theory

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