Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
April 2016 Issue Vol. 5(4), pp. 123-129
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge and Preference of Medicinal Plants in three Rural Communities of Tezonapa, Veracruz, Mexico

Ismael Quiroz Guerrero and Arturo Pérez Vázquez*

Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Veracruz, Km. 88.5 Carretera Federal Xalapa-Veracruz, Predio Tepetates, Veracruz, Veracruz, México, C.P. 91700.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: parturo@colpos.mx; Phone: (229) 201 0770

Accepted 18 April, 2016

Abstract

For millennia, medicinal plants have been used for therapeutic human needs and healing. In the Tezonapa region, there are two ethnic groups, Nahuatl and Mazatec who use medicinal plants for ages. However, there is a lack of information about the current preference for traditional medicine among local people and the local knowledge of medicinal plants. This study assessed the current use of medicinal plants and the variation of traditional knowledge in three rural communities in Tezonapa, Veracruz, Mexico. During 2013, traditional medical doctors were interviewed about the use of medicinal plants. A questionnaire with open dichotomous questions, and Likert scale were used to gather respondent’s opinions and to assess knowledge. Data was analyzed using Statistica®. Traditional doctors use on average forty-six medicinal plants, although they know individually an average of 4 (± 5.2) plants. 94% of respondents have free public medical service and most get the surgery by walking (Caxapa, Naranjastitla, 93% and 92%), or using public transport (La Luna, 66%). Willingness of residents to treat illnesses with traditional medicine is relatively low on Likert scale (2.7 ± 3.7), with most disagreeing and preferring the surgery. Local knowledge of traditional medicine among inhabitants is low and there is a trend toward abandonment as people have access to free public health services and facilities for healthcare. Traditional medicine has to be acknowledged by local health authorities and be promoted along with the conventional medicine.

Keywords: Traditional medicine, ethnobotany, homegarden, preference, local knowledge

 

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