Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
April 2018, Vol. 7(4), pp. 090-097
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Article

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Corona virus: Knowledge and attitude of Qassim University students, KSA 

Hanan M. M. Tork, RN, MSN, PhD and Fathia Ahmed Mersal, RN,MSN, PhD 

College of Nursing, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 

*Corresponding Author E-mail: 

Accepted 05 May, 2018


Globally, since September 2012, 1626 laboratory-confirmed infected cases with MERS including at least 668 related deaths have been reported to WHO from 26 countries. Approximately 80% of human cases have been reported by Saudi Arabia and the numbers of infected cases increase gradually. Effective infection prevention and control depends on awareness of people at all levels. The current study aim to assess the knowledge and attitude of QassimUniversity students in Saudi Arabia towards Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 733 undergraduate students at Qassim University. Knowledge and attitude were assessed by using self administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Descriptive statistics were used for data summarization and presentation. The findings of this study showed that the main sourcesof information regarding Corona among students were internet followed by television and radio. Lessthan three quarters of students had satisfactory knowledge and majority of them had positive attitude.Whereas majority of students think that University did not provide awareness campaigns about Corona.Furthermore, the findings explained that female had better knowledge than male and medical studentsaremore knowledgeable than non-medical students with p> (0.000). The current study findingsconcluded that the studied sample had good knowledge score as well as positive attitude toward MERSCoV. Future research should recruit students from different regions of the country in order to better assessment of students’ knowledge about MERS-CoV.

Keywords: Corona virus,  Knowledge, attitude, University students, KSA



Akan H, Guro Y, Izbirak G, Ozdatlı S, Yilmaz G, Vitrinel A, Hayran O (2010). Knowledge and attitudes of university students toward pandemic influenza: a cross-sectional study from Turkey. BMC Public health, 10(1): 413.

Al-Hazmi A, et al (2016). Knowledge, attitude and practice of secondary schools and university students toward Middle East Respiratory Syndrome epidemic in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. Available at Accessed on 16th April, 2017.

Al-Mohaissen M (2017). Awareness among a Saudi Arabian university community of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus following an outbreak. Eastern Mediterranean Health J. 23(5): 351.

Al-Mohrej A, Agha S (2016). Are Saudi medical students aware of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus during an outbreak? J. Infect. Public Health. 1876-0341(16):30102-30102.

Alqahtani AS (2017). Knowledge and attitude toward Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus among heath colleges' students in Najran, Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Comm. Med. Public Health. 4:2641-2647.

Alsahafi AJ, Cheng AC (2016). Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Healthcare Workers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to MERS Coronavirus and Other Emerging Infectious Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 13(12):1214.

Alshammari F, Sallam SA, Abd El-kader L, (2018). Knowledge, Attitude and PracticeonMRS CoVamong NursingStudentsat Hail University. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. Volume 7, Issue 1 Ver. VII. (Jan.- Feb), PP 05-11. DOI: 10.9790/1959-0701070511.

Al-Tawfiq JA, Memish ZA (2014). What are our pharmacotherapeutic options for MERS-CoV?Expert Rev. Clin. Pharmacol. 7:235–238.

Amatya M, Gorkhali B, Mahotra N, Prajapati R, Yadav S (2013). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of medical students on blood donation: a comparison between two medical Colleges of Nepal. Int. J. Curr. Res. 5(9): 2641-2644.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).Retrieved from

Choi JS, Kim KM (2016). Crisis prevention and management by infection control nurses during the Middle East respiratory coronavirus outbreak in Korea. Am. J. Infect. Control. 44(4): 480-481.

Elnagar SA, Amin FM, Alseraty WH (2017). Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Guidelines on Nursing Students Regarding Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. J. Nurs. Health Sci. 6(4): 42-48.

Hassan HM (2016). Knowledge and attitude of Al-Ghad college students towards corona virus infection. Int. J. Med. Res. Rev. 4(1):19-26. doi: 10.17511/ijmrr.2016.i01.003.

Jradi  H (2016). Identification of information types and sources by the public for promoting awareness of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Saudi Arabia. Health Education Research, 31(1): 12–23.

Khan MU, Shah S, Ahmad A, Fatokun O (2014). Knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers about Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in multispecialty hospitals of Qassim, Saudi Arabia. BMC Public Health. 16(14):1281.

Kharma MY, Alalwani MS, Amer MF, Tarakji B, Aws G (2015). Assessment of the awareness level of dental students toward middle east respiratory syndrome-coronavirus. J. Int. Soc. Prev. Community Dent. 5:163–169.

Kim JS, Choi JS (2016). Middle East respiratory syndrome–related knowledge, preventive behaviours and risk perception among nursing students during outbreak. J. Clin. Nurs. 25: 2542–2549, doi: 10.1111/jocn.13295.

Kim SG (2015). Healthcare workers infected with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus and infection control. J. Korean Med. Assoc. 58:647–654.

Marufa S, Rashidul M, Abdur Razzaque S, Sarder H (2016). Hand hygiene knowledge and practice among university students: evidence from Private Universities of Bangladesh. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy.  9: 13–20. 

Memish ZA, Al-Tawfiq JA, Makhdoom HQ, Al-Rabeeah AA, Assiri A, Alhakeem RF, Alrabiah FA, Alhajjar S, Albarrak A, Flemban H, Balkhy H, Barry M, Alhassan S, Alsubaie S, Zumla A (2014). Screening for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection inhospital patients and their healthcare worker and family contacts: a prospectivedescriptive study. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 20:469–474.

Meyer B, Garcıa-Bocanegra I, Wernery U, Wernery R, Sieberg A, Mu¨ ller MA, Eckerle I, (2015). Serologic assessment ofpossibility for MERS-CoV infection in equids. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 21 (1): 181.

Saudi Ministry of Health (2014). Command and control centre statistics [cited 20141st of October]. Available at: Access on 12th May 2017.

WHO-Global Alert and Response. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Available at: 05_15_mers/en/. Accessed on 16 Sebtember 2017.

Zaini RG (2016). A study on knowledge and awareness of male students of the College of Applied Medical Science at Taif University.Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research, 7(5).

Related Articles

Original Research Articles
Elisam Magara
The place of oral history and palaeography in indigenous knowledge management education: Makerere University—EASLIS experience
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2013 Vol: 2(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (200 KB)
Yu Je Lee and Ching Ho Chen
Verifying Effects of Human Capital of Taiwanese CPA Firms on Managerial Performance Using Organizational Commitment as a Moderator
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. August 2013 Vol: 2(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (248 KB)
Case Reports
Moufag Mohammed Saeed Tayeb
Allergy to Montelukast Sodium Treated Effectively by Protracted Oral Desensitization: First case report
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. May 2013 Vol: 2(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (154 KB)
Yakup Yesilkaya, Bozkurt Gulek, Turgut Tokmak
Isolated splenıc hydatıd cyst as a rare cause of abdomınal paın
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (215 KB)
Mariam Seria, Noora Al-Safar, Al-Sayal Dalal, Al-Dossari Noora, Nadia Al-Ouda, Precilla Rodrigues, Amani Al-Ghamri, Elizabeth Menon, Jennifer Payoc, Joly Xavier, Nehad Al-Oudah, Abdullah Al-Hwiesh, and Ibrahim Saeed
Acute kidney injury secondary to rhabdomylosis and automated peritoneal dialysis
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. July 2014 Vol: 3(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (261 KB)
Original Research Article
Abdelateif. H. Ibrahim and Sayed Ali. Fadul Elmola Zareba
Determinants of Loan Utilization and Repayment Behaviour among Small Farmers in North Kordofan of Sudan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. September 2015 Vol: 4(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (362 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Hanan MM Tork on Google Scholar
Hanan MM Tork on Pubmed
Fathia Ahmed Mersal on Google Scholar
Fathia Ahmed Mersal on Pubmed


Viewed 2714
Printed 384
Downloaded 1105
Powered By iPortal Works