Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
April 2018, Vol. 7(4), pp. 071-076
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Article
Volunteerism among Clinicians: the role of Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem
Segun-Martins, I. O. and Dennis Donald Uba*
Department of Pure and Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, P. M. B., 001, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com; Phone: +2348035076266
Accepted 18 April, 2018
The study examined the role of self-esteem and emotional intelligence on volunteerism among clinicians in Lagos State, Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted for the study. Employees in the health industry in Lagos State, Nigeria constitute the population of this study. A total of 250 clinicians across state hospitals, in Lagos, Nigeria were sampled using accidental sampling technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to measure self-esteem, Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS) developed by Salovey, Mayer, Goleman, Turvey and Palfai (1995) and volunteerism was measured using Volunteerism questionnaire developed by Clary and Snyder, (1999). In order to determine the extent and direction of associations among the study variables, Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) analysis was conducted. The result show that self-esteem have a significant relationship with volunteerism [r (250) = .21; p > 0.05]. Emotional intelligence showed significant positive relationship with volunteerism [r (250) = .32; p < 0.01]. Findings of the study have some direct practical implications for management and boards of directors in ministries of health in government owned hospitals in Nigeria and Africa. Based on the findings of this study, the researcher recommended that colleges of medicine and various schools of Nursing under the Ministry of Health should take adequate steps to encourage volunteerism among clinicians in Nigeria. In other words, clinicians who work in healthcare environments in Nigeria should be encouraged to enroll in volunteer programmes.
Keywords: Self-Esteem, Emotional Intelligence and Volunteerism
Alavi HR, Askaripur MR (2003). The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Job Satisfaction of Personnel in Government Organizations. Public Personnel Management, 23 (4): 591-598
Baumeister RF, Campbell JD, Krueger JI, Vohs KD (2003). Does High Self-Esteem cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles? Psychol. Sci. in the Public Interest. 4, 1-44.
Candy B, Sampson L (2014). Does involving volunteers in provision of palliative care make a difference to patient and family wellbeing? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence. Int. J. Nurs. Stud. 52(3): 756-768.
Ciarrochi J, Heaven PCL, Fiona D (2007). The impact of hope, self-esteem, andattributional style on adolescents’ school grades and emotional well-being: Alongitudinal study.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 23: 443-451.
Clary EG, Snyder M, Stukas AA (1996). Volunteers’ motivations:Findings from a national survey. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 25: 485–505.
Clary EG, Snyder M (1999). The motivations to volunteer: Theoreticaland practical considerations. Current Directions in Psychol. Sci. 8: 156–159
Crocker J, Lee SJ, Park LE (2004). The Pursuit of Self-Esteem: Implications for Good and Evil. In A.G. Miller (Ed.), The Social Psychology of Good and Evil, 271-302. New York: Guildford Press.
Denis JL, Lamonthe L, Langley A, Valette A (1999). The Struggle to Redefine Boundaries in Health Care Systems. In D. Drock, M. Powell, and C. Hinings (Eds.) Restructuring the professional organization. Routledge, London.
Dennis UD, Oluwatelure FA (2016). Self-esteem and extroversion as predictors of clinical leadership competency among clinicians in Nigeria. Clin. Exp. J. Psychol. 2: 122. doi: 10.4172/2471-2701.1000122
Devereux P (2008). International Volunteering for Developmentand Sustainability: Outdated Paternalism or a Radical Response to Globalisation?” Development in Practice, 18(3): 357–70.
Ehigiegba AE, Aivinhenyo-Uyi P, Fakunle AF, Aguwa EN (2014). Volunteerism in a health care delivery system in Nigeria: A cottage hospital experience. J. Comm. Med. Primary Health Care. 26(1): 34-39.
Funk W, Wagnalls H (2003). The New International Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary. Columbia: Typhoon International corp. 876.
Gerrard M, Gibbons FX, Reis-Bergan M, Russell DW (2000). Self-Esteem, Self-Serving Cognitions, and Health Risk Behavior. J. Personality. 68: 1177–1201.
Hewitt JP (2009). Oxford University Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford University Press, p. 217. ISBN 978-0-19-518724-3
Houle BJ, Sagarin BJ, Kaplan MF (2005). A Functional Approach to Volunteerism: Do Volunteer Motives Predict Task Preference? Basic and Appl. Soc. Psychol. 27(4): 337-344.
Ogungbamila AB (2011). Perceived Organisational Injustice, Negative Emotions and Emotional Intelligence as Predictors of Workplace Reactivity among Local Government Employees in South-western Nigeria. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Omoto AM, Snyder M, Berghuis JP (1993). The psychology of volunteerism: A conceptual analysis and a program of action research. InJ. B. Pryor and G. D. Reeder (Eds.), The social psychology of HIV infection (pp. 333–356). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc
Oladipo SE, Olapegba PO, Adenaike FA (2010). Evidence of Low Life Satisfaction among Undergraduates in Southwest Nigeria. Int. J. Asian Soc. Sci. 2(10):1718-1723
Roessler DL (1978). Learning Theory and Pro-social Behaviour. J. Soc. Iss. 8: 151-164.
Salovey P, Mayer JD (1993). The intelligence of Emotion. Intelligence, 17: 433-442.
Salovey P, Mayer JD (1990). Emotional Intelligence, Imagination, Cognition, and Personality. 9: 195-211.
Salovey P, Mayer JD, Goleman SL, Turvey C, Palfai TP (1995). Emotional Attention, Clarity, and Repair: Exploring Emotional Intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J.W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure and health (pp. 12-154). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association
Snyder M, Clary EG, Stukas AA (2000). The functional approach to volunteerism. In G. R. Maio and J. M. Olson (Eds.), Why we evaluate: Functions of attitudes (pp. 365–393). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
- Segun-Martins IO on Google Scholar
- Segun-Martins IO on Pubmed
- Dennis Donald Uba on Google Scholar
- Dennis Donald Uba on Pubmed