Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
June 2017 Vol. 6(6), pp. 137-148
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper 

Analysis of labor safety legislation and the evolution of professional diseases in Ecuador 

Santiago Omar Ortiz López1, Gabriel Arturo Pazmiño Solys2*, Edmundo Bolivar Cabezas Heredia3, Mónica Paulina Espinoza Guano4, José Luis Vasconez Fuentes5 and Juan Carlos Alarcón Gavilanes6

1Master en Labor Law Juris Doctor, Faculty of Administrative Sciences Technical University of Ambato Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
2Doctor in Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineer, Business Engineer. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
3Doctor in Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineer. Lecturer at the National University of Chimborazo. National University of Chimborazo – Riobamba - Ecuador.
4Food Engineer. Lecturer at the Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
5Master in Business Law, Juris Doctor, Faculty of Administrative Sciences Technical University of Ambato. Technical University of Ambato - Ecuador.
6Magister in Business Management, Foreign Trade Engineer. Teacher of the Schools Superior Polytechnic de Chimborazo. Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador.

*Corresponding Author Email: ga.pazmino@uta.edu.ec, gapasrio@gmail.com

Accepted 02 July, 2017

Abstract

Occupational safety laws currently play an important role in organizational development, the paradigm shift related to the importance of human talent has managed to generate a responsibility to prevent accidents and occupational diseases, the study carried out significantly contributes to the knowledge of the losses registered in the Ecuador during a period of 14 years, what has been evidenced is the influence of the constant updating of the regulation for the increase or decrease of this index, that is to say it becomes imperative the specific control on the part of the entity regulator. It was also found that there is a cultural factor, which prevents accurate registration due to ignorance of diseases and accidents considered as occupational. The research methodology used was descriptive in that it described the records that make available the objective population, through the collection of statistical data of occupational diseases in relation to the years of study, and then generate a study on them, and will also be applied in the description of the changes in the regulations in the selected period. As a result of the quantitative research conducted in the control units five entities studied and corroborated with twelve interviews conducted to specialist personnel in the subject.

Keywords:  Laws, occupational safety, occupational diseases, human talent, Ecuador.

 

References

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Asfahi C, Rieske D (2010). Industrial Safety and Health Management. 6th Edition. Prentice Hall.

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Cardinal M, Sempere A, Gonzales F (2012). Legislation of Safety and Health in the Work. Editorial Aranzini. Spain.

Colombia Ud (2004). The importance of occupational health. Health Sciences. 5-7.

Concepts and Literature Market Research (2012). Professional Publications. Obtained from Professional Publications: htpp // www / publicationsprofesioanles // conceptsandletters // ute.

Cordova P (2015). Situational Report 2015. Quito.

Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security (2014). Original Government Page. Obtained from Original Governmental Website: http // www.gob.ec // institute of social security.

Henao F (2012). Security and health at work. Basic concepts. Ecoe Editions. Bogota. Colombia.

Labor Administration, Labor Inspection and Occupational Safety and Health Branch (LABADMIN / OSH).

Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion (2013). Report of the Deputy Ministry of Non-Contributory Assurance and Social Mobility. Quito.

Ministry of Labor (2015). Government Blog. Obtained from Government Blog: http // ministeriodetrabajo.gob.ec.

International Labor Organization (2015). Information Blog. Retrieved from Blog Informativo: http /// bloginfromativo.organizacioninternacionaldeltrabajo.ec.

OHSAS 18002: 2008 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. Guidelines for the implementation of OHSAS 18001: 2007. Editorial Aenor 2009.

Orozco CC (2010). UTE Academic Repository. Retrieved from "Repository Academic UTE: http://www.ute.edu.ec/revistas/3/articulos/6247f882-68d9-4dc3-9aa3-75d8a9e6ca43.pdf".

Ramazzini B (1714). Occupational Health. Health Sciences, 5-7.

Rubio J (2014). Management of Occupational Hazard Prevention: OHSAS 18001 - OIT Guidelines for its Integration with Quality and Environment. Editorial UNE.

About Us  (2014). BLOG INFORMATIVO. Retrieved from BLOG INFORMATIVO: http://www.revistagestion.ec/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/222_003.pdf

Saade MT (2000). Ministry of Salad Publishes Colombia. Obtained from Blog Informative Ministry of Salud Publishes Colombia: http://apps.who.int/FACC627A-0727-4498-85E3

Secretariat of Occupational Health and Environment UGT - Madrid. E-mail: saludlaboral@madrid.ugt.org. http: //www.saludlabora.lugtmadrid.o

Security and health at work. http://www.trabajo.gob.ec/seguridad-y-salud-en-el-trabajo/

www.ugr.unsl.edu.ar/documentos/accidentesyenfermedades.doc

 

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