Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
June 2017 Vol. 6(6), pp. 091-102
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Systematic Review 

Prevalence and determinant factors of overweight and obesity among Pacific people: A systematic review study

Masoud Mohammadnezhad1*, Nasser Salem Alqahtani2, Mosese V Salusalu3 and Adam Konrote4

1Associate Professor in Health Promotion, School of Public health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji.
2Assistant Professor in Nutrition, Department of Clinical Nutrition, Northern Borders University, Saudi Arabia.
3Lecturer in Public health, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji
4Bachelor in Public Health, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji

*Corresponding  Author  E-mail: masoud.m@fnu.ac.fj; Tel: +679-9726127

Accepted 20 June, 2017

Abstract

Globally obesity and overweight are the fifth leading cause of death with an astonishing 2.8 million adult deaths each year. Pacific countries recorded to have the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity. This syntactic review is aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and also the contributing factors in the Pacific countries. Eight databases which were used more frequently in previous studies in the field of overweight and obesity waschosen. Relevant key terms were used to search in selected databases using AND and OR. All types of studies were published from January 1st 2000 to January 1st 2017 and in the English language were included in the search. The information related to the studies, population, methods, and results were extracted from the final steps of search and were included in the data extraction sheet. A descriptive analysis was used and the results were reported as percentage in the form of tables. Thirty one studies were analysed. Around two thirds of studies were conducted after 2010 and more than half of the studies were conducted as community based. Obesity prevalence was ranged from 6.1% to 73.9%. On the base of gender, female obesity was ranged from 13.8% to 73.9% and male obesity range was from 18.7% to 55.1%.Sixteen studies (51.6%) reported on dietary factors associated with overweight and obesity which followed by physical activity (12.9%) and television viewing (9.68%). The high prevalence of overweigh and obesity reported in this study shows the need for an urgent preventive action taken by health care and policy decision makers. Lifestyle related factors need to be considered and interventions focusing on Pacific culture and beliefs need to be taken account in changing healthy lifestyle.

Keywords: Prevalence, overweight, obesity, determinant factors, Pacific


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