Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
July 2015 Vol. 4(7), pp. 314-320
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Neuroticism Versus Emotional Stability Scores of Hypertensive and Normotensive Males and Females

Dr. Sangeeta Rath and Mrs. Stuti Das

Professor and Head, P.G. Department of Psychology, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack – 753003, Odisha, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: stutidas07@rediffmail.com

Accepted 15 July, 2015

Abstract

Psychologists have identified personality variables as one of the most important factors related to physical illness. The period since 1950s till date, research has continued to show positive results relating illness to psychological factors and personality. Research in this area suggests that stress seems to affect some people more than it does to others, and researchers have looked for personality variables that might account for differential effects of stress. This study attempts to compare the neuroticism versus emotional stability scores of hypertensive and normotensive as well as male and female participants. The study adopted a 2 (hypertensives and normotensives) x 2 (males and females) factorial design. Two hundred and forty participants (120 chronic hypertensives and 120 normotensives) are selected from Gurgaon, Delhi. Out of 120 hypertensives, there were 60 males and 60 females. Similarly 60 healthy males and 60 healthy females not suffering from hypertension or any other disease were selected. The participants of all the four groups compared with respect to their scores on neuroticism versus emotional stability. The results indicate that hypertensives showed more score in all the dimensions of neuroticism compared to normotensives. It is also found that females have more depression and anxiety than males. They are more self-conscious and more vulnerable to stress compared to males. Males score high on anger, hostility and impulsive dimensions of the personality.

Keywords: Neuroticism, Normotensive Males and Females, Hypertensive and Emotional Stability

 

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