Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
September 2012 Vol. 1(8), pp. 237-241
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Obesity prevalence and its associated factors in an urban and rural area of Abuja Nigeria

Adediran Olufemi Sola1, Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere1*, Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen2, Jimoh Ahmed Kayode3

1Department of Internal Medicine, P. M. B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria.
2Department of Physiology, P. M. B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria
3Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

*Corresponding author E-mail: iokparajubilee@yahoo.com; Phone: 08037067040

Accepted 28 June, 2012

Abstract

There is a global rise in the prevalence of obesity in both developed and developing countries reaching epidemic levels. It has therefore become an important health issue globally. This study aims at determining the prevalence of obesity in an urban and rural area in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja – Nigeria. In a cross sectional community based study, and by a stratified random sampling method, 229 subjects were selected. A pretested structured questionnaire was administered to obtain sociodemographic characteristics. Anthropometric data were measured by standard methods. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated and in conjunction with waist WC were used as measures of obesity. The overall prevalence of  obesity was 22.3%. Prevalence rates were higher in the urban area than rural area (40.7% versus 4.3%, χ2 =43.81,p <0.001). Obesity was more prevalent in women than men (36.2% versus 8.0%, χ2 = 26.37, p<0.001) and was significantly associated with little or no education (OR= 3.100, p = 0.001). The prevalence of obesity in the urban area was much higher than in the rural area. This was mainly due to nutritional transition and lack of education.

Keywords: Obesity, prevalence, urban, rural.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Nisreen Haj, Mohamed Yousef, Elsafi Ahmed, Ikhlas Abdelaziz, Duha Abdu and Muna Ahmed
Assessment of Echocardiographic Imaging in Diagnosis of Heart Failure
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. August 2017 Vol: 6(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (126 KB)
Chiejina EN, Sibeudu FT, Odira CC, Okafor CN, Orji IN
Relationship between reinforcers and self-control measures over smoking and alcohol consumption
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. October 2012 Vol: 1(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (126 KB)
Tarig M. S. Alnour and Mudathir A. Abdelkareem
Frequency of rheumatoid factor and serum uric acid in asymptomatic elderly individuals at Khartoum state, Sudan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2018 Vol: 7(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (488 KB)
Aina OS, Ajijola S, Bappah MT, Ibrahim I and Musa IA
Economic Analysis of Plantain Marketing in Odigbo Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. July 2012 Vol: 1(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (141 KB)
Review
Gamal Abdo and Abdin Salih
Challenges facing groundwater management in Sudan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. November 2012 Vol: 1(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (639 KB)
Original Research Article
Azuike EC, Ikeako LC, Azuike ED, Joe-Ikechebelu NN, Nwachukwu CC, Umeh UM, Njelita IA and Aniemena RC
Correlates of use of modern family planning methods among women in Nigeria: A secondary analysis of NDHS 2013
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. May 2017 Vol: 6(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (111 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Adediran Olufemi Sola on Google Scholar
Adediran Olufemi Sola on Pubmed
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Google Scholar
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Pubmed
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen on Google Scholar
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen on Pubmed
Jimoh Ahmed Kayode on Google Scholar
Jimoh Ahmed Kayode on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 3225
Printed 722
Downloaded 2257
Powered By iPortal Works