Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
September 2012 Vol. 1(8), pp. 237-241
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Obesity prevalence and its associated factors in an urban and rural area of Abuja Nigeria

Adediran Olufemi Sola1, Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere1*, Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen2, Jimoh Ahmed Kayode3

1Department of Internal Medicine, P. M. B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria.
2Department of Physiology, P. M. B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria
3Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

*Corresponding author E-mail: iokparajubilee@yahoo.com; Phone: 08037067040

Accepted 28 June, 2012

Abstract

There is a global rise in the prevalence of obesity in both developed and developing countries reaching epidemic levels. It has therefore become an important health issue globally. This study aims at determining the prevalence of obesity in an urban and rural area in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja – Nigeria. In a cross sectional community based study, and by a stratified random sampling method, 229 subjects were selected. A pretested structured questionnaire was administered to obtain sociodemographic characteristics. Anthropometric data were measured by standard methods. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated and in conjunction with waist WC were used as measures of obesity. The overall prevalence of  obesity was 22.3%. Prevalence rates were higher in the urban area than rural area (40.7% versus 4.3%, χ2 =43.81,p <0.001). Obesity was more prevalent in women than men (36.2% versus 8.0%, χ2 = 26.37, p<0.001) and was significantly associated with little or no education (OR= 3.100, p = 0.001). The prevalence of obesity in the urban area was much higher than in the rural area. This was mainly due to nutritional transition and lack of education.

Keywords: Obesity, prevalence, urban, rural.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Article
Salahuddin Mohd
Urban Wastewater: A Valuable Resource for Agriculture A Case Study
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. April 2013 Vol: 2(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (179 KB)
Review
Reza Sahib Abu Hamad and Muhammad Ali Kadhim
Low productivity of rice (the staple food of the Iraqi family) in Iraq for the period 1950-2013 …… causes and treatment
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. November 2015 Vol: 4(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (216 KB)
Original Research Articles
Adedeji I. A; Jayeola S. A and Owolabi, J.O
Growth Trend Analysis of Rice Productivity in Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. October 2016 Vol: 5(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (278 KB)
Gad, A
Sand dune distribution and related impacts on agricultural resources of Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, using integrated remote sensing-GIS techniques
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. January 2016 Vol: 5(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (563 KB)
Igberadja Serumu
Teachers and parents perception on challenges of formal education of youth in rural areas in Delta State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. July 2014 Vol: 3(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (177 KB)
Abdelateif Hassan Ibrahim and Siegfried Bauer
Access to Micro credit and its Impact on Farm Profit among Rural Farmers in Dryland of Sudan.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. March 2013 Vol: 2(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (231 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Adediran Olufemi Sola on Google Scholar
Adediran Olufemi Sola on Pubmed
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Google Scholar
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Pubmed
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen on Google Scholar
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen on Pubmed
Jimoh Ahmed Kayode on Google Scholar
Jimoh Ahmed Kayode on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 2312
Printed 656
Downloaded 2028
Powered By iPortal Works