Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
September 2012 Vol. 1(8), pp. 237-241
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Obesity prevalence and its associated factors in an urban and rural area of Abuja Nigeria

Adediran Olufemi Sola1, Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere1*, Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen2, Jimoh Ahmed Kayode3

1Department of Internal Medicine, P. M. B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria.
2Department of Physiology, P. M. B. 102119, Benue State University Makurdi, Nigeria
3Department of Chemical Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria

*Corresponding author E-mail: iokparajubilee@yahoo.com; Phone: 08037067040

Accepted 28 June, 2012

Abstract

There is a global rise in the prevalence of obesity in both developed and developing countries reaching epidemic levels. It has therefore become an important health issue globally. This study aims at determining the prevalence of obesity in an urban and rural area in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja – Nigeria. In a cross sectional community based study, and by a stratified random sampling method, 229 subjects were selected. A pretested structured questionnaire was administered to obtain sociodemographic characteristics. Anthropometric data were measured by standard methods. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated and in conjunction with waist WC were used as measures of obesity. The overall prevalence of  obesity was 22.3%. Prevalence rates were higher in the urban area than rural area (40.7% versus 4.3%, χ2 =43.81,p <0.001). Obesity was more prevalent in women than men (36.2% versus 8.0%, χ2 = 26.37, p<0.001) and was significantly associated with little or no education (OR= 3.100, p = 0.001). The prevalence of obesity in the urban area was much higher than in the rural area. This was mainly due to nutritional transition and lack of education.

Keywords: Obesity, prevalence, urban, rural.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Amole Isaac Olusayo, Oyelade Bolaji Oyetunde, Odeigah Louis Okeibunor, Oladeji Sunday Adedokun1 and Aderibigbe Sunday Adedeji
Road traffic injury immune delusion syndrome among commercial motorcycle riders in Ogbomoso, Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2015 Vol: 4(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (101 KB)
Nwankwo OO and Orji O
Assessment of mass media contributions to agricultural technology adoption in Owerri Agricultural Zone of Imo State Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. July 2013 Vol: 2(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (141 KB)
Omer Mohamed Shoaib, Ihab Hamed Nourein, Abuobieda Balla Abusharib and Moawia Ahmed Elbadri
Changes in Lipids Profile and Insulin Level in Obese Sudanese Women
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. October 2015 Vol: 4(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (201 KB)
Benard O. Muok
Potentials and Utilization of Indigenous Fruit Trees for Food and Nutrition Security in East Africa
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2019 Vol: 8(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (179 KB)
Amauri Dalla-Corte, José L Vieira, Irenio G Silva Filho, César L Reichert and Roberta R Dalla-Corte
Factors associated with lower quality of life in Brazilian elderly people
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. January 2015 Vol: 4(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (177 KB)
Mohammad Huneif
Prevalence of the usage of soft drink among children in the south western region of KSA
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. February 2017 Vol: 6(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (86 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Adediran Olufemi Sola on Google Scholar
Adediran Olufemi Sola on Pubmed
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Google Scholar
Okpara Ihunanya Chinyere on Pubmed
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen on Google Scholar
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen on Pubmed
Jimoh Ahmed Kayode on Google Scholar
Jimoh Ahmed Kayode on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 2902
Printed 695
Downloaded 2188
Powered By iPortal Works