Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
September 2017 Vol. 6(9), pp. 234-239
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper 

Extraspinal Incidental Findings on Routine MRI of Cervical Spine

Mogahid M. A Zidan1,3, Ikhlas A. Hassan2, Abdelrahaman M. Elnour1, Khalid M Abd Alla5, Mohammed Dowlyb5, Mohamed Yousef2 and Wadah M. Ali1,4,*

1College of Radiologic Technology, the National Ribat University, Khartoum, Sudan
2College of Medical Radiologic science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
3Al-Ghad International College for Applied Medical Science, Medical Imaging Technology Department, Abha, KSA
4College of Allied Health Science, Gulf Medical University, Medical Imaging Department, Ajman, UAE
5Department of radiology. Khamis Meshit Hospital, Abha, KSA

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Accepted 22 September, 2017


The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and reporting rate of incidental findings (IF) on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of cervical spine, to find the frequencies of these incidental findings, and to emphasize the clinical importance of them. Scan of a total of 266 cervical spine MRI (collected from patients with a mean age of 46.6±16.3 years, range 1–80 years) during the period from August 2016 to April 2017. The images interpretation was done by a two consultant radiologists. A total of 45 IFs were found in 266 patients (16.9% of 266). Among these, clinically significant IFs (n = 45) included: 16 thyroid nodules (6.3 %), 12 thyroid goiter (4.6%), 7 mucosal thickening in paranasal sinuses  (2.68 %), 2 Tornwaldt cyst (0.76%), 1 cystic hygroma (0.37%), 1 colloid cyst (0.37%), 3 polyps/retention cyst (1.14%), 1 cancer of the thyroid (0.37%), 1 pituitary macro adenoma (0.37%) and 1 lymphadenopathy. The MRI examination of intervertebral discs, paying attention to incidentally detected pathological extraspinal findings is very important due to the fact that they can alter the treatment of the patient or affect the patient’s life. Therefore, they should be included in the reports since they will give additional and valuable information.

Keywords: Incidental findings, cervical spine, Magnetic resonance imaging, Extra-spinal findings



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