Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
September 2017 Vol. 6(9), pp. 224-233
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper 

The Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oil from Different Aromatic Plants

Adel S. Al-Zubairi1,3*, Mohamed A. Al-Mamary 2,4 and Eftekhar Al-Ghasani5.

1Department of Lab Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Albaha University, KSA
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Taibah University, KSA.
3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences;
4Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy;
5Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sana’a, Sana’a, Yemen

*Corresponding Author E-mail: adelalzubairi@hotmail.com, almamarym@hotmail.com;   Telephone:  +967-1-374681; Fax: +967-1-374683

Accepted 24 September, 2017

Abstract

Plant’s natural extracts such as Essential Oil, are being increasingly used as preservatives as well as in many human used products. The antimicrobial and antioxidant properties are essential for the use of such products, and therefore, their comparison with synthesized preservatives is the basis to replace the latter and for better biological activities with safer sources. The present study determined the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of hydrodistilled EO from sixteen aromatic plants grown in Yemen. Antioxidant activity was examined by two methods: reducing power assay (RPA) and determination of antioxidant activity with thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Thus, on the bases of the lowest concentrations used in both methods, the antioxidant activities of the EOs according to TBARS can be sorted in the following descending order: Thymus laevigatus ˃ Clove Eugenia caryophyllus ˃ Cinnamomum zylanicum ˃ Chenopodium Ambrosioides = Eucalyptus camaldulensis = Marjoram majorana hortensis = Schinus molle ˃ Pulicaria jaubertii = Ocimum basillicum ˃ Artemisia abrotanum ˃ Conyza incana (vahl) willd ˃ Coriandrum sativum ˃ Tagetes minuta ˃ Rosmarinus officinalis ˃ Lantana camara ˃ Peppermint mentha piperita. On the other hand these activities as obtained by RPA can be arranged as follows: Clove eugenia caryophyllus ˃ Ocimum basillicum ˃ Thymus laevigatus˃ Artemisia abrotanum > Tagetes minuta ˃ Eucalyptus camaldulensis = Marjoram majorana hortensis = Cinnamomum zylanicum = Schinus molle ˃ Coriandrum sativum = Conyza incana (vahl) willd = Lantana camara ˃ Chenopodium Ambrosioides = Pulicaria jaubertii ˃ Peppermint mentha piperita = Rosmarinus officinalis .The obtained EOs were screened against both gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, and against three fungal species (Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium oxyporium, and Candida albicans). Most of these EOs have shown important antibacterial and antifungal effects against the tested strains. Some of the obtained EOs are promising as sources of natural antioxidants and antimicrobial agents in cosmetics and pharmaceutical applications.

Keyword: Essential oil (EO); Antimicrobial; Antioxidant; Antifungal; TBARS; RPA.

 

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