Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
September 2018, Vol. 7(7), pp. 132-138
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Article

Main causes of noncommunicable diseases in Guinea: a study in medical students of the University of Conakry

Vitaly Tchirkov1*, Naby Moussa Balde2 and Mandiou Diakite3

1Laboratory "Sport and Social Sciences" (E3S - EA1342), Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
2Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital, Conakry, Guinea
3Faculty of Medicine, University UGAN of Conakry, Conakry, Guinea

*Corresponding Author E-mail: tchirkov@unistra.fr; Tel: 0033 (0) 3 68 85 61 30

Accepted 14 September, 2018

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the main risk factors of noncommunicable diseases including BMI, unbalanced diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use in young Guinean adults population. The research was carried out in 2015 and concerned 1047 students currently enrolled between 1st and 6th year of study at the medical faculty of the University of Conakry. The high response rate (92.7%) allowed analyzing a total of 970 usable surveys (624 men and 346 women, average age: 22.5 years ± 2.7 SD). The anonymous questionnaire was self-reported and the height and weight measurements were made during the lab courses in the presence of the investigators. With a sport rate less than 3 times per week or walked distances below 5 km per day, 63.6% of the surveyed students seemed leading a sedentary lifestyle. The majority of them (70.5%) had a healthy weight (BMI situated between 18.5 and 25 kg/m2). Nevertheless, 10.6% were overweight and 3.2% were suffering from obesity. Overweight and obesity were much higher among women: 16.8% and 7.2% (7.2% and 1.0% for men). Thus, 36.5% were not satisfied by their corpulence (31.7% in men and 45.3% in women). The main risk factor of noncommunicable diseases in this population is the lack of physical activity. Other risk factors, such as unbalanced diet, overweight, tobacco and alcohol use, are also present, but their involvement appears to be less important or nonexistent.

Keywords: Noncommunicable diseases, risk factors, lifestyle, BMI, sports practice, Guinea

 

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