Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicinal Plants (GARJMP)
February 2015 Vol. 3(1), pp. 001-009
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

Impact of climate change on agriculture and food security in Nigeria: challenges and adaptation

Ethan Saul

National Cereals Research Institute Badeggi, PMB 8 Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.

E-mail: sauletham@yahoo.com

Accepted 31 January, 2015

Abstract

Climate change is perhaps the most serious environmental threat to agricultural production in Nigeria. The patterns of the effects of climate change are dependent on latitude, altitude, type of crop grown and livestock reared. The direct impact of climate change on agricultural systems are: changes in rainfall and temperatures  which could impact on agro-climatic conditions, altering growing seasons, planting and harvesting calendars, water availability, pest, weed and disease populations. Climate change would also impact on alteration in evapotranspiration, photosynthesis and biomass production and land suitability for agricultural production. Analysis of climatic data from 1914-1970 and 1971-2000 had indicated that there were changes of the onset of rains and cessation. There was also increase in the intensity of the rains. Measures mitigating the impact of climate change and adaptation have been discussed to include: human capital development, increase funding of Research and Technology development, breeding short duration varieties, draining lowland rice fields to reduce emission of methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide (greenhouse gases),  agroforestry, soil and water conservation and trade.

Keywords: Climate change, challenges, adaptation, food security.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Ihenacho RA, Chikaire J, Ejiogu-Okereke N, Oguegbuchulam MN, Osuagwu CO and Obi KU.
Empowerment Strategies of Cooperative Societies for Poverty Reduction Among Members in Aboh Mbaise Area of Imo State, Nigeria.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. October 2012 Vol: 1(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (136 KB)
Molanejad M, Soltani M and Ranjbar Saadat Abadi A
Characteristics and mechanism of extreme climate events under climate change background in Iran - part I: drought
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. July 2014 Vol: 3(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (2,368 KB)
Yann Christie Sissinto Adjovi, Raoul Koulony, Mènonvè M. Atindehou, Eugénie Anago and Ambaliou Sanni
Impact of Agro-Ecological Areas on the Distribution of Aspergillus Section Flavi in Maize in Benin
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. January 2020 Vol: 9(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,097 KB)
Amamgbo, L.E.F., Akinpelu A.O., Omodamiro R., Nwakor F. N. and Ekedo T.O
Promotion and Popularization of Some Elite Cassava Varieties in Igbariam Anambra State: Implication for Food Security and Empowerment
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. February 2016 Vol: 5(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (273 KB)
Igberadja Serumu
Teachers and parents perception on challenges of formal education of youth in rural areas in Delta State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. July 2014 Vol: 3(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (177 KB)
Review
Al Siddig Talha Mohmed Rahma
Livestock in Africa How can they be developed and utilized
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. December 2017 Vol: 6(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (127 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Ethan Saul on Google Scholar
Ethan Saul on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 4517
Printed 706
Downloaded 16324
Powered By iPortal Works