Global Advanced Research Journal of Physical and Applied Sciences (GARJPAS)
May 2016, 5(1): pp. 001-003
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Assessment of the Excretion Levels of Heavy Metals through the Litters of Chickens fed Varying Prepared Concentrations of selected Heavy Metals in their Feeds.
Okeke Onyeka1, Ejindu-Ejesi Chidiebere2*, Enwereuzo Emmanuel3, Umeh Joel4 Ezeh Ernest5
1Plastic Department, Scientific Equipment Development Institute, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Electrochemical and Electroplating, Scientific Equipment Development Institute, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Glass Blowing Department, Scientific Equipment Development Institute, Enugu, Nigeria
4 Department of Electrochemical and Electroplating, Scientific Equipment Development Institute, Enugu, Nigeria
5 Department of Chemical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 12 May, 2016
Studies were carried out to assess the excretion levels of selected heavy metals ( Pb, As, and Cd) through the litters when varied prepared concentrations (10ppm, 20ppm, 30ppm) of the metals were administered to the poultry chickens ( Broilers and Layers) for eight weeks period. The poultry litter samples were digested accordingly and spectrometric analysis was followed. The analysis indicated that heavy metals once ingested into the system are not easily excreted. This bio-accumulative capability of the heavy metals in the specific organs in the body system underpines their reactivity and toxicity. The mean excretion level of the selected heavy metals in the litters was in the following decreasing order: As> Pb> Cd. Finally, the study observed that increased exposure of poultry chickens to heavy metals in the environment also increases the risk of its bioaccumulation and biomagnifications in the system.
Keywords: Heavy Metals, Poultry litters, Bioaccumulation and Poultry Chickens.
- Okeke Onyeka on Google Scholar
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- Ejindu-Ejesi Chidiebere* on Google Scholar
- Ejindu-Ejesi Chidiebere* on Pubmed
- Enwereuzo Emmanuel on Google Scholar
- Enwereuzo Emmanuel on Pubmed
- Umeh Joel on Google Scholar
- Umeh Joel on Pubmed
- Ezeh Ernest on Google Scholar
- Ezeh Ernest on Pubmed