Global Advanced Research Journal of Social Science (GARJSS)
May 2013 Vol. 2(5), pp. 100-113
Copyright © 2013 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Gold panning and runde river course morphology in Mwenezi: A quest for a sound catchment management and sustainable development

Bernard Chazovachii1* and Austin Musingarimi2

1Great Zimbabwe University Box 1235, Masvingo, Department of Rural and Urban Development
2Zimbabwe Open University, Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Masvingo Region Zimbabwe

*Corresponding Author E-mail:; Cell: +263 775 130 475

Accepted 13 May, 2013


Land and natural resources remains the backbone of life and adaptation for most populations in Africa. Despite the Mines and Minerals Act 1996 as legislation in mining sector in Zimbabwe, there is continued adverse degradation of water resources due to illegal gold panning. Unprecedented changes in river morphology due to panning have negative ripple effects on aquatic life and the riparian. This study analyzed the impact of alluvial gold panning on river channel, focusing on depth, width, bad and channel features and its implication on sustainability of environment and water resources in particular. The study used both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. Observational field work, measurements, photographs, archival research, interviews and questionnaires were used in this research. The river channel morphological changes have been caused by traditional sand wash, horizontal tunneling and the vertical pit method. These alluvial gold panning methods have resulted in reduced water velocity due to sediments deposition on river bed, processing of gold using mercury affected river bad rock and are lethal to plants and animal .Deposition of both course and fine materials narrowed the pools, siltation reduced carrying capacity of the river making it unsustainable for domestic or industrial purposes.Undercutting of the river banks resulted in vegetation loss, erosion and widening of the course. Deepened river channel threatened the stability of the river channel near the banks, settlements and farmlands. This is actually a ticking bomb for water resources sustainability. Therefore responsible authorities should established community area management of the river profile especially in rivers that are resource endowed like Runde for monitoring and evaluation.

Keywords: Alluvial gold panning, river morphology, catchment, sustainable development.


Related Articles

Nathalie Hamine Panzarini, Eloiza Aparecida de Ávila Matos and Juliana Vitória Messias Bittencourt
Food Security and Sustainability efficient production and innovations considering the environment
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci April 2013 Vol: 2(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (134 KB)
Original Research Articles
Muhammad Rashed Al Mamun, Sadiqur Rahman, Shamima Shammi
Production of Red Amaranth in a Vertical Farm and Evaluation of its Sustainability
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci August 2018 Vol: 7(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,801 KB)
Dugguh, Stephen Ior Amo
Service Learning and Social Entrepreneurship Emerging Perspectives in Community Engagement and Sustainable Development in Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci September 2013 Vol: 2(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (126 KB)
Daso, Peter Ojimba
Human capital development in science, technology and mathematics education: implications for sustainable development in Africa.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci August 2013 Vol: 2(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (139 KB)
SO Aghalino
Brief but revolutionary: Yar’ Adua and the sustainable development of the Niger Delta, Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci August 2012 Vol: 1(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (196 KB)
Original Research Article
David Omondi Achieng, Patrick O. Hayombe, Maria Onyango and Agong,’ Stephen G
Competiveness of Cultural Sites as Ecotourism Destinations in Kisumu County: A Sustainable Development Perspective
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Soc. Sci February 2015 Vol: 4(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (253 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Bernard Chazovachii on Google Scholar
Bernard Chazovachii on Pubmed
Austin Musingarimi on Google Scholar
Austin Musingarimi on Pubmed


Viewed 1820
Printed 368
Downloaded 1995
Powered By iPortal Works