Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
June 2020 Vol. 9(6): pp. 138-150
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Sustainability and Determinate of Farmers’ Mitigation Strategies to Greenhouse Gases Emission: a case in Rice Agric-Food System of Nigeria

Esiobu, Nnaemaka Success1*; Onubuogu, Chinedu Gilbert1; Njoku, Sylvarlene Munachim2 and Nwachukwu, Blessing Chidinma3


1Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.

2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.

3Food Security and Safety Niche, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North-West University, South Africa

*Corresponding Author's Email:

Accepted 11 June, 2020



Sustainable production refers to the production that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. At global level and mainly across Nigeria, rice fields are considered as one of the most important sources of atmospheric concentration of two greenhouse gases mainly anthropogenic methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. These Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) are produced under anaerobic conditions, and its production has negative environmental and health implication. Additionally, the growing demand for rice across Nigeria exceeds supply, resulting in a rice deficit. To overcome this challenge, rice production should be increased, with so much regard to less GHGs emission. Moving forward, understanding the determinate of farmers’ mitigation strategies to GHGs will definitely enhance effort made for farmers to continue to mitigate easily over-time. Incidentally, an empirical study on the present discourse is relatively scanty, isolated, and devoid of in-depth and quantitative analyses. These create a gap in research and make it extremely difficult if not impossible for the government/interest group to know the method they can adopt in helping farmers mitigate the negative impact of GHGs emission in rice production. It was against this backdrop that this study was systematically undertaken.

Keywords:  Rice, Greenhouse Gases (GHGs), Mitigation Strategies, Sustainability and Multinomial Model, Nigeria.







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