Global Advanced Research Journal of Microbiology (GARJM) ISSN: 2315-5116
February 2020 Vol. 9(3): pp. 030-039
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Advances in the Community Surveillance of the Zika virus in a country border: Huaquillas, El Oro. Ecuador
Velásquez Serra GC1, Figueroa Samaniego SE2, Llangari Cujilema JL3, Preciado Cañas OE4, Chaguaro Feijoo JA4, Silva Salas SD5, Echeverría Matute A6.
1PhD. in Entomology. Guayaquil University. Faculty of Medicine. Medicine School. Ecuador. University of Guayaquil. Cdla. Salvador Allende. Av. Delta y Av. Kennedy. Guayaquil, Ecuador. EC090514.
2Machala Technical University. Chemical Science and Health Faculty. Nurse Career. Machala. Ecuador.
3National Institute of Public Health Research. INSPI. Dr. Leopoldo Izquieta Pérez. Zonal Tena. Ecuador.
4Guayaquil University. Faculty of Medicine. Medicine School. Ecuador. University of Guayaquil. Cdla. Salvador Allende. Av. Delta y Av. Kennedy. Guayaquil, Ecuador. EC090514.
5Ministry of Public Health. National Direction of Prevention and Control Strategies. Quito. Ecuador.
6Public Health Ministry of Ecuador.
Accepted 28 April, 2020
Background: New insights promote the term “Community Participation” as a condition to exercise freedom, democracy, social control over public actions and therefore, for equity. Vector-borne disease control of arboviruses such as Zika Virus (ZIKV) should actively involve the population, since human resources and health logistics are insufficient to address the problem. Objectives: identify the risk factors by the community to contract the ZIKV, determine the age and sex group of the participants, identify positive blocks with breeding sites of Ae. aegypti, indicate the more prevalent stage of the vectors and the number of pregnant women suspected of the virus. Materials and Methods: was a participatory, descriptive, field-based, non-experimental and longitudinal-cut action research, executed in Neighborhood 18 de Noviembre, Huaquillas-El Oro-Ecuador during the months of March to September, 2018. Results:The age group of 20-49 years for both sexes (n = 25, 78.13%) and (n = 36, 85.71%) In relation to the family heads interviewed, the predominant age group was also 20-49 years old. Males (n = 692, 43.2%) and female (n = 814; 50.84). The deposits inspected were 3251. The 48 blocks of the neighborhood were explored; of them (28) were positive. Positive breeding sites were found (58.33%). Of the positive blocks (67.85%), they were positive for larvae, 3.57% for pupae and 28.57% for both. The number of pregnant women identified was 15; 5 of them suspected of ZV, later discarded. Conclusions: This study represents an evidence on community epidemiological surveillance, for the control of Ae. aegypti and Zika prevention.
Keywords: prevention, community, Aedes aegypti, virus, zika
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