Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (GARJMMS) ISSN: 2315-5159
May 2017 Vol. 6(5), pp. 079-085
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper  

Correlates of use of modern family planning methods among women in Nigeria: A secondary analysis of NDHS 2013

Azuike EC1,2,*, Ikeako LC3, Azuike ED4, Joe-Ikechebelu NN1, Nwachukwu CC1, Umeh UM1, Njelita IA1 and Aniemena RC5

1Department of Community Medicine, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University/University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
2Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria.
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University/University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
4Department of Nursing Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.
5Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Accepted 11 May, 2017


Modern family planning methods have been shown to be a potent tool in lowering maternal mortality resulting from unwanted pregnancies and subsequent abortion, from which several women die each year. This study sought to determine various factors that influenced modern family planning use in Nigeria. The study used data obtained from Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2013. Factors considered were drawn from the dataset. Analysis was carried out using Stata version 12.1. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine relationship between various factors and use of modern family planning methods. Level of significance was set at 0.05. The total number of participants in the study was 31,482. The mean age of respondents was 29.5 ± 7.0 years. Only 9.7% of the participants were currently using modern family planning methods. The highest proportion of use was 23.47% in South-western Nigeria, while the lowest was 2.38% in North-west. Identified predictors of modern family planning use were: having at least secondary education (OR=2.9, 95% CI: 2.7-3.2), being from the South (OR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.9-2.3), being 25 years old or more (OR=1.5, 95% CI: 1.3-1.6) and being of urban residence (OR=1.6, 95% CI: 1.5-1.8). All factors were statistically significant (P<0.001). The highest predictor of modern family planning uptake was education. Measures should be taken to increase female literacy especially in the Northern part of Nigeria, as this will most likely lead to improved uptake of modern family planning among the respondents.

Keywords: Correlates, Modern family planning, Nigeria.

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