Global Advanced Research Journal of Medicinal Plants (GARJMP)
February 2015 Vol. 3(1), pp. 001-009
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

Impact of climate change on agriculture and food security in Nigeria: challenges and adaptation

Ethan Saul

National Cereals Research Institute Badeggi, PMB 8 Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.

E-mail: sauletham@yahoo.com

Accepted 31 January, 2015

Abstract

Climate change is perhaps the most serious environmental threat to agricultural production in Nigeria. The patterns of the effects of climate change are dependent on latitude, altitude, type of crop grown and livestock reared. The direct impact of climate change on agricultural systems are: changes in rainfall and temperatures  which could impact on agro-climatic conditions, altering growing seasons, planting and harvesting calendars, water availability, pest, weed and disease populations. Climate change would also impact on alteration in evapotranspiration, photosynthesis and biomass production and land suitability for agricultural production. Analysis of climatic data from 1914-1970 and 1971-2000 had indicated that there were changes of the onset of rains and cessation. There was also increase in the intensity of the rains. Measures mitigating the impact of climate change and adaptation have been discussed to include: human capital development, increase funding of Research and Technology development, breeding short duration varieties, draining lowland rice fields to reduce emission of methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide (greenhouse gases),  agroforestry, soil and water conservation and trade.

Keywords: Climate change, challenges, adaptation, food security.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Article
Ayman K Johargy, Aiman M Momenah, Sami S Ashgar, Hani S Faidah, Hamdi M El-Said, Atif Asghar, Ameen Alherabi, Ashraf E Sorour, Ibrahim S Alayed, Baraa T Melibari, Rayan A Monshi and Omar M Alsaati
Potential risk of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Nasopharyngeal Carriage during Umrah and Hajj Seasons in Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. January 2017 Vol: 6(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (128 KB)
Review
Bushe Bernard
Factors that Determine Academic Staff Retention and Commitment in Private Tertiary Institutions in Botswana Empirical Review
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. October 2012 Vol: 1(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (437 KB)
Original Research Articles
Guy Eshun, Emmanuel Adu Amankwah and John Barimah
Proximate composition, mineral nutrients and functional properties of Digang, NERICA-1 and NERICA-2 rice varieties from Ghana
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. July 2019 Vol: 8(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (162 KB)
Bernard Chazovachii and Austin Musingarimi
Gold panning and runde river course morphology in Mwenezi: A quest for a sound catchment management and sustainable development
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. May 2013 Vol: 2(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,226 KB)
Okonmah L. U
The performance of growth and yield of ten varieties of soybean (Glycine max L meril) in two locations of rainforest zones of Delta State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. August 2012 Vol: 1(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (128 KB)
Zamira Sinaj and Alba Robert Dumi
The new health insurance reforming in Albania as a new vision of the health care system under EU standards
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Med. Plant. March 2014 Vol: 3(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (391 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Ethan Saul on Google Scholar
Ethan Saul on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 4018
Printed 646
Downloaded 16048
Powered By iPortal Works